excerpts from the book

The New Pearl Harbor

Disturbing Questions about the Bush Administration and 9/11

by David Ray Griffin

Olive Branch Press, 2004, paper


Ever since 9/11 the mainstream media have worked hand-in-glove with the government in orchestrating a mood of patriotic fervor making any expressions of doubts about the official leadership of the country tantamount to disloyalty. Media personalities, such as Bill Maher, who questioned, even casually, the official narrative were given pink slips, sidelined, an silenced, sending a chilling message intimidation to anyone tempted to voice dissident opinions. Waving the American flag became a substitute for critical and independent ( thought, and slogans such as "United We Stand" were used as blankets to smother whatever critical impulses existed. This thought-stopping equation of patriotism with unquestioning acceptance of the present administration's policies ...

... As the spell cast by patrioteering has begun to wear off, there is another related dynamic at work to keep us from the truth- what psychiatrists describe as "denial."

... Part of the impulse to deny is a desperate wish to avoid coming face-to-face with the gruesome realities that are embedded in the power structure of government that controls our lives ... collective denial that has paralyzed the conscience and consciousness of the nation during these past few years

... There is no excuse at this stage of American development for a posture of political innocence, including an unquestioning acceptance of the good faith of our government. After all, there has been a long history of manipulated public beliefs, especially in matters of war and peace. Historians are in increasing agreement that the facts were manipulated (1) in the explosion of the USS Maine to justify the start of the Spanish-American War (1898), (2) with respect to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor to justify the previously unpopular entry into World War II, (3) in the Gulf of Tonkin incident of 1964, used by the White House to justify the dramatic extension of the Vietnam War to North Vietnam, and, most recently, (4) to portray Iraq as harboring a menacing arsenal of weaponry of mass destruction, in order to justify recourse to war in defiance of international law and the United Nations. The official explanations of such historic events as the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the assassination of President Kennedy have also not stood up to scrutiny by objective scholars. In these respects, the breaking of trust between government and citizenry in the United States has deep historical roots ...

Ben Franklin's celebrated response when asked what the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia had accomplished:

"A republic, if you keep it."

The American press has ... provided no in-depth investigation of whether the official account of what happened [on 9-11] fits with the available evidence and is otherwise plausible." Many newspaper and television stories have, to be sure, raised several disturbing questions about the official account, showing that there are elements of it that do not seem to make sense or that seem to contradict certain facts. But the press has not confronted government officials with these apparent implausibilities and contradictions. The mass media have not, moreover, provided the public with any comprehensive overviews that lay out all the disturbing questions of which they are aware. There have been many very important stories by a number of journalists, including the internationally known, award-winning journalist Gregory Palast and Canada's award-winning Barrie Zwicker. But such stories, if even seen, have been largely forgotten by the collective consciousness, as they have remained individual products of brilliant and courageous reporting, having thus far not been allowed to add up to anything significant. Finally, although strong criticisms of the official account have been presented by many otherwise credible individuals, the mass media have not exposed the public to their views.

Criticisms of the official account are to be sure, inflammatory, for to reject the official account is to imply that US leaders, including the president, have constructed a massive lie. And if they did construct a false account, they would have done so, most people would assume, in order to cover up their own complicity. And that is indeed the conclusion of most critics of the official account. That would certainly be an inflammatory charge. But how can we claim to have a free press-a Fourth Estate-if it fails to investigate serious charges made against a sitting president on the grounds that they are too inflammatory?

Rena Golden executive vice-president and general manager of CNN International, August 2002

'Anyone who claims the US media didn't censor itself is kidding you. And this isn't just a CNN issue-every journalist who was in any way involved in 9/11 is partly responsible."

CBS anchorman Dan Rather

There was a time in South Africa that people would put flaming tires around people's necks if they dissented. And in some ways the fear is that you will be necklaced here, you will have a flaming tire of lack of patriotism put around your neck. Now it is that fear that keeps journalists from asking the toughest of the tough questions."

September 14, 2001 President Bush said:

"Our responsibility to history is already clear: to answer these attacks and rid the world of evil. War has been waged against us by stealth and deceit and murder. This nation is peaceful, but fierce when stirred to anger In every generation, the world has produced enemies of human freedom. They have attacked America, because we are freedom's home and defender. And the commitment of our fathers is now the calling of our time .... [W]e ask almighty God to watch over our nation, and grant us patience and resolve in all that is to come .... And may He always guide our country. God bless America."

former State Secretary in the German Defense Ministry

"For 60 decisive minutes, the military and intelligence agencies let the fighter planes stay on the ground."

Nafeez Ahmed
"Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) were completely and inexplicably dropped on 11th September - something that had never occurred before. The question then remains as to who was responsible for ensuring that routine emergency response rules were not adhered to."

Bykov and Israel, Guilty for 9-11

"The sabotage of routine protective systems, controlled by strict hierarchies, would never have been contemplated let alone attempted absent the involvement of the supreme US military command. This includes at least US President George Bush, US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and the then-Acting Head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Air Force General Richard B Myers.

... after the collapse of the towers, the debris, including the steel, was quickly removed before there could be any significant investigation. The New York Times complained, saying: "The decision to rapidly recycle the steel columns, beams and trusses from the WTC in the days immediately after 9/11 means definitive answers may never be known."

Joint Chiefs of Staff Air Force General Richard B Myers

"... [a] way to prove that the supporting steel columns of the Twin Towers had been blasted by explosives would be to examine fragments from them among the debris for evidence of what metallurgists call "twinning." But the WTC debris was removed as fast as possible and no forensic examination of the debris was permitted .... Almost all the 300,000 tons of steel from the Twin Towers was sold to New York scrap dealers and exported to places like China and Korea as quickly as it could be loaded onto the ships, thereby removing the evidence."

In an essay entitled "WTC-7: The Improbable Collapse," Scott Loughtey says:

FEMA's nonchalance about WTC-7's collapse is stunning. Structural failures of this magnitude do not normally take place .... [Do] we now live in an era when tall steel buildings can collapse in large cities without any significant discussion of why?"

Eric Hufschmid

"Building 7 collapsed at its bottom... When Building 7 collapsed, the interior fell first, and that caused the outside of the building to move inward .... The result was a very tiny pile of rubble, with the outside of the building collapsing on top of the pile. This is how conventional demolitions operate."

FEMA report actually gave no explanation. It instead said:

"The specifics of the fires in WTC 7 and how they caused the building to collapse remain unknown at this time. Although the total diesel fuel on the premises contained massive potential energy; the best hypothesis has only a low probability of occurrence."

Although the evidence that the collapse of the WTC was an inside job might mean that it was planned by private parties, he fact that the federal government allowed forensic evidence to be removed suggests ... official complicity in a cover-up.

The attacks on the WTC ... could not have succeeded unless some US officials had given "stand down" orders for standard operating procedures to be canceled on that particular day... it would be difficult to believe that such orders could have been given without White House approval.

investigative journalist Patrick Martin:

In examining any crime, a central question must be "who benefits?" The principal beneficiaries of the destruction of the World Trade Center are in the United States: the Bush administration, the Pentagon, the CIA and FBI, the weapons industry, the oil industry. It is reasonable to ask whether those who have profited to such an extent from this tragedy contributed to bringing it about.'

Nafeez Ahmed quotes a statement by social philosopher john McMurtry that sums up the argument:

[T]he forensic principle of "who most benefits from the crime?" dearly points in the direction of the Bush administration. One would be naive to think the Bush Jr. faction and its oil, military-industrial and Wall Street backers ...do not benefit astronomically from this mass-kill explosion. If there was a wish-list, it is all granted by this numbing turn of events. Americans are diverted from a free-falling economy to attack another foreign Satan, while the Bush regime's popularity climbs. The military, the CIA, and every satellite armed security apparatus have more money and power than ever, and become as dominant as they can over civilians in "the whole new era" already being declared by the 'White House.

The Evidence for Official Complicity A Summary

Nafeez Ahmed's summary of his evidence," supplemented with points contributed by Chossudovsky, Thompson, Meyssan, and other researchers, contains the following elements:

1. Evidence that the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq were already planned for geopolitical reasons, so that 9/11 provided not the reason for the wars but merely the pretext.

2. Evidence that men with connections to al-Qaeda were allowed into the United States in spite of regulations that should have kept them out.

3. Evidence that men with connections to al-Qaeda were allowed to train in US flight schools.

4. Evidence that the attacks of 9/11 could not have succeeded without an order from the highest level of government to suspend normal operating procedures for responding to hijackings.

5. Evidence that US political and military leaders made misleading and even false statements about their response to the hijackings.

6. Evidence in particular that the presently accepted official account, according to which jet fighter planes were scrambled but arrived too late, was invented some days after 9/11.

7. Evidence that the collapse of the WTC buildings was brought about by explosives, so that participation by the US government in the prevention of an adequate examination of the debris, especially the steel, constitutes evidence of its participation in a cover-up.

8. Evidence that someone in authority sought to ensure that there would be deaths in the attacks on the second WTC tower and the Pentagon by not having these buildings evacuated.

9. Evidence that what hit the Pentagon was not a Boeing 757 but a much smaller aircraft, and, in particular, a small military aircraft.


10. Evidence that Flight 93 was shot down after authorities learned that the passengers were gaining control of it.

11. Evidence that Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld revealed advance knowledge of two of the attacks.

12. Evidence that President Bush on 9/11 feigned ignorance of the occurrence and seriousness of the attacks.


13. Evidence that President Bush and his Secret Service knew on 9/11 that he would not be a target of attacks.

14. Evidence that the FBI had specific knowledge of the time and targets of the attacks at least a month in advance.

15. Evidence that the CIA and other intelligence agencies would have had very specific advance knowledge of the attacks by means of the put options purchased shortly before 9/11.

16. Evidence that the Bush administration lied about not having had specific warnings about the attacks.

17. Evidence that the FBI and other federal agencies prevented investigations prior to 9/11 that might have uncovered the plot.

18. Evidence that US officials sought to conceal evidence of involvement by Pakistan's 151 in the planning of 9/11.

19. Evidence that US officials sought to conceal the presence of the ISI chief in Washington during the week of 9/11.

20. Evidence that the FBI and other federal agencies blocked investigations after the attacks that might have revealed the true perpetrators.

21. Evidence that the United States did not really seek to kill or capture Osama bin Laden either before or after the attacks.


22. Evidence that figures central to the Bush administration had desired a "new Pearl Harbor" because of various benefits it would bring.

23. Evidence of motive provided by the predictable benefits that this event, called by Bush himself "the Pearl Harbor of the 21st century" did bestow on the Bush administration.

24. Evidence against the alternative explanation-the incompetence theory-provided by the fact that those who were allegedly guilty of incompetence were not fired but, in some cases, promoted.

Problems for a Coincidence Theory

... the price for rejecting [a] conspiracy theory [for 9-11] is to accept a coincidence theory. And, critics of the official account can point out, the number of coincidences that would need to be accepted is enormous. A complete list would include the following coincidences:


1. Several FAA flight controllers exhibited extreme incompetence on 9/11, and evidently on that day only.

2. The officials in charge at both NMCC and NORAD also acted incompetently on 9/11, and evidently on that day only.

3. In particular, when NMCC-NORAD officials did finally order jet fighters to be scrambled to protect New York and Washington, they ordered them in each case from more distant bases, rather than from McGuire and Andrews, respectively.

4. After public statements saying that Andrews Air Force Base had no jet fighters on alert to protect Washington, its website, which had previously said that many jets were always on alert, was altered.

5. Several pilots who normally are airborne and going full speed in under three minutes all took much longer to get up on 9/11.

6. These same pilots, flying planes capable of going 1,500 to 1,850 miles per hour, on that day were all evidently able to get their planes to fly only 300 to 700 miles per hour.

7. The collapse of the buildings of the World Trade Center, besides occurring at almost free-fall speed, exhibited other signs of being controlled demolitions: molten steel, seismic shocks, and fine dust were all produced.

8. The video and physical evidence suggesting that controlled demolition was the cause of the collapse of the Twin Towers co-exists with testimony from people in these buildings that they heard, felt, and saw the effects of explosions.

9. The collapse of WTC- 1 and WTC-2 had some of the same features as the collapse of WC-7, even though the latter collapse could not be attributed to the impact and jet fuel of an airplane.

10. Both the North Tower and the South Tower collapsed just as their respective fires were dying down, even though this meant that the South Tower, which had been hit second, collapsed first.

11. Governmental agencies had the debris, including the steel, from the collapsed WTC buildings removed without investigation, which is what would be expected if the government wanted to prevent evidence of explosives from being discovered.

12. Physical evidence suggesting that what hit the Pentagon could not have been a Boeing 757 co-exists with testimony of several witnesses that the aircraft that did hit the Pentagon was far smaller than a 757.

13. This evidence about the aircraft that hit the Pentagon co-exists with reports that Flight 77 crashed in Kentucky or Ohio.

14. This evidence co-exists with the fact that the only evidence that Flight 77 did not crash was supplied by an attorney closely associated with the Bush administration.

15 Evidence that Flight 77 did not return to Washington to hit the Pentagon co-exists with the fact that when the flight control transcript was released, the final 20 minutes were missing.

16. The fact that the aircraft that hit the Pentagon did so only alter executing a very difficult maneuver co-exists with the fact that it struck a section of the Pentagon that, besides containing none of its leaders, was the section in which the strike would cause the least death and destruction.

17. On the same day in which jet fighters were unable to protect the Pentagon from an attack by a single airplane, the missiles that normally protect the Pentagon also failed to do so.

18. Sounds from cell phones inside Flight 93 suggesting that the plane had been hit by a missile were matched by many reports to this effect from witnesses on the ground.

19. This evidence that Flight 93 was shot down co-exists with reports from both civilian and military leaders that there was intent to shoot this flight down.

20. The only plane that was evidently shot down, Flight 93, was the only one in which it appeared that passengers were going to gain control.

21. The evidence that Flight 93 was shot down after the passengers were about to gain control co-exists with the fact that the flight control transcript for this flight was not released.

22. That coincidence co-exists with the fact that when the cockpit recording of Flight 93 was released, the final three minutes were missing.

23. Evidence showing that the US government had far more specific evidence of what was to occur on 9/11 than it has admitted co-exists with evidence that it actively blocked investigations that might have prevented the attacks.

24. Reports of obstructions from FBI agents in Minneapolis co-exist with similar reports from Chicago and New York

25. Reports of such obstructions prior to 9/11 co-exist with reports that investigations after 9/11 were also obstructed.

26. These reports of obstructionism co-exist with multiple reports suggesting that the US government did not really try to capture or kill Osama bin Laden either prior to or after 9/11, with the result that several people independently suggested that the US government must be working for bin Laden-or vice versa.

27. All these reports co-exist with reports of hijackers being allowed in the country in spite of known terrorist connections or visa violations.

28. These reports about immigration violations co-exist with evidence that some of these same men were allowed to train at US flight schools, some on military bases.

29. This evidence of training at various American flight schools co-exists with reports that US officials tried to conceal this evidence.

30. The traumatic events of 9/11 occurred just a year after a document published by the Project for the New American Century, an organization whose founders included several men who became central figures in the Bush administration, referred to benefits that could come from "a new Pearl Harbor."

31. The "unifying Pearl Harbor sort of purple American fury" produced by the 9/11 attacks did benefit the Bush administration in many ways.

32. A credible report that spokespersons for the Bush administration had earlier announced that the US government was planning a war on Afghanistan, which would begin before the middle of October, co-exists with the fact that the attacks of 9/11, by occurring on that date, gave US military forces time to be ready to attack Afghanistan on October 7.

33. Ahmad Masood, whose continued existence would have posed problems for US plans in Afghanistan, was assassinated, reportedly by ISI operatives, just after the head of the ISI, General Mahmoud Ahmad, had been meeting in Washington for several days with the head of the CIA.

34. In the White House's version of the recording of Condoleezza Rice's press briefing on May 16, the only portion that was inaudible was the portion in which the person under discussion, mentioned as having been in Washington on 9/11, was identified as "the ISI chief."

35. Evidence of official efforts to conceal General Ahmad's presence in Washington co-exists with evidence that, after it became known that General Ahmad had ordered $100,000 wired to Mohamed Atta, US leaders exerted pressure on the ISI to dismiss him from his post quietly.

36. Evidence of these attempts to conceal General Ahmad's involvement in 9/11 co-exists with evidence that the FBI and other federal agencies sought to obscure the fact that Saeed Sheikh, the man who wired the money to Atta, was an ISI agent.

37. The fact that agents in FBI headquarters who presided over the alleged intelligence failure that allowed 9/11 to happen, widely called the biggest intelligence failure since Pearl Harbor, were promoted instead of fired or otherwise punished co-exists with the fact that other intelligence agencies also reported that there had been no punishments for incompetence related to 9/11.

38. This evidence of lack of punishment for poor performance co-exists with reports that intelligence officers who were diligently trying to pursue investigations related to 9/11 suffered negative treatment from superiors.

As can be seen, what some critics call the incompetence theory can be understood as simply part of a larger coincidence theory, because it entails that FAA agents, NMCC and NORAD officials, pilots, immigration agents, US military leaders in Afghanistan, and numerous US intelligence agencies all coincidentally acted with extreme and unusual incompetence when dealing with matters related to 9/11.

But the coincidence theory requires even greater credulity. To accept it requires holding not only that each conjunction of events on the above list-which a conspiracy theory could explain by regarding each one as part of a pattern of events that had been planned-was purely coincidental. It also requires holding that the fact that there are so many events related to 9/11 that involve coincidences-at least 38 such events-is itself purely coincidental.

Seen in this light, the fact that a complicity theory may not at this time be able to answer all the questions it evokes, revisionists can say, is a relatively trivial problem. Once the relevant facts are put before us, the official account involves a coincidence theory that would require far greater credulity than that of which "conspiracy theorists" are accused.

Smoking Guns

I have often been asked whether there are any "smoking guns" pointing to complicity by the Bush administration. This is a question I did not explicitly address in the body of the book. Rather than focusing on those reported events that most strongly suggest such complicity, I instead presented a cumulative argument, suggesting that what is most persuasive,

assuming the truth of at least a significant portion of the reported evidence, is that so many lines of evidence all seem to point in the same direction. However, I did add that "some of the strands [in this cumulative argument] are such that, if the evidence on which they are based is confirmed, the case could be supported by one or two of them" (page xxiv). I said, in other words, that we have some primafacie smoking guns.

Because this question has come up so often, I will conclude with a list of the reported items that I would so classify. In going back through the book to assemble this list, I was surprised to see how many there are. I came up, in fact, with a list of 40:

1. The failure of standard operating procedures (SOP) to intercept Flight 11.

2. The failure of SOP to intercept Flight 175.

3. The failure of SOP to intercept Flight 77.

4. The fact that the official story as to these failures changed a few days after 9/11.

5. The fact that according to the second version of the official story, the order to scramble jet fighters to intercept Flights 11 and 175 went to Otis Air Force base instead of the nearer base, McGuire.

6. The fact that according to this second version, the order to scramble jet fighters to protect Washington went to Langley Air Force base instead of the nearer base, Andrews.

7. The fact that, even given NORAD'S timeline and the greater distances the pilots had to cover from Otis and Langley, their fighter jets, flying at full speed, should have reached New York and Washington in time to prevent the attacks on the South Tower and the Pentagon.

8. The fact that according to this second version, the fighter jets that were too late to intercept Flights 11 and 175 were not ordered to continue on to Washington, even though it was then known that Flight 77 had been hijacked and, according to the official story, was headed back toward Washington.

9. Secretary of Transportation Minetas report of a conversation that may have reflected a stand-down order by Vice President Cheney.

10. The fact that in New York on 9/11, three steel-framed high-rise buildings, for the first time in history, collapsed because of fires-quite localized fires at that, especially in the South Tower and Building 7.

11. The fact that the South Tower fell first even though, according to the hypothesis that the buildings collapsed because of fire, this tower, having been hit second and having the smaller fire, should not have collapsed first .71

12. The multiple types of physical evidence that the Twin Towers and Building 7 collapsed by means of controlled demolition. (Because there are many types of such evidence-such as the fact that the steel beams and columns were broken into pieces the right size to be loaded onto trucks-this point could have been divided into many smoking guns.)

13. Larry Silverstein's statement that he and the fire department decided to "pull" 'WTC-7, combined with the evidence that the fire department had prior knowledge of its collapse, despite the lack of any physical evidence indicating imminent collapse.

14. Mayor Giuliani's statement that he knew in advance that the Twin Towers were going to collapse.

15. The quick removal of the steel from all three buildings-especially Building 7, where there would have been no victims-before it could be examined.

16. The fact that photographic evidence shows that the hole created in the Pentagon was much smaller than a hole created by a Boeing 757 would be.

17. The fact that photographs show that there were no remains of a large airliner in front of the crash site, even though, given the small entrance hole, not all of a Boeing 757 could have gone inside

18. The fact that witnesses also reported seeing no remains of a large airliner inside the Pentagon.

19. The fact that the west wing, far from being the most likely part of the Pentagon for terrorists to target, was the least likely, as well as technically difficult to hit.

20. The fact that any non-military plane, not having a transponder sending out a "friendly" signal, would have been automatically shot down by the Pentagon's battery of missiles.

21. The extreme unlikelihood that a hijacked 757 could have flown undetected through American airspace, especially toward the Pentagon, for some 40 minutes.

22. The evidence that the Bush administration lied about not having shot down Flight 93.

23. The fact that President Bush gave the impression upon his arrival at the Sarasota school, even after a telephone conversation with Condoleezza Rice, that he was unaware that two more airliners, beyond the one that had crashed into the North Tower of the WTC, had been hijacked.

24. The fact that Bush, after being told about the attack on the South Tower, did not act like a commander in chief who was surprised to learn that the United States was suffering the greatest terrorist attack in its history.

25. The fact that Bush and his entourage, including his Secret Service detail, showed no sign of fear that they would be attacked while in Florida, even though at that time they-assuming the truth of the official account-would have known neither how many planes had been hijacked nor what the terrorists' targets were.

26. The multiple denial by Bush administration officials that they had had any idea that planes might be used as weapons in a terrorist attack against the United States, even though such knowledge was widespread-partly because of warnings the Bush administration itself had received that terrorists were in fact planning such attacks.

27. The fact that the FBI must have had specific advance knowledge of the attacks, given (a) its confiscation of a film of the attack on the Pentagon within five minutes, (b) its confiscation of student files from Florida flight schools within 18 hours, and (c) the reported testimony of FBI agents (to David Schippers and the New American) that they knew the dates and targets of the New York attacks months in advance.

28. The repeated denial by Bush administration officials that they had received any specific advance knowledge about the attacks of 9/11, contradicting strong evidence to the contrary, including that provided by the purchases of enormous amounts of put options on United Airlines, American Airlines, and Morgan Stanley Dean Witter.

29. The evidence that although Osama bin Laden was officially America's "most wanted" criminal, he was treated by an American surgeon and visited by a CIA agent in an American hospital in Dubai two months prior to 9/11.

30. The evidence that local FBI agents in Minnesota, New York, and Chicago were prevented by FBI headquarters from carrying out investigations that could have uncovered the plot.

31. The harassment and demotion of DIA agent Julie Sirrs after she brought back information about a plan in Afghanistan to assassinate Ahmad Massood.

32. The evidence that the Bush administration had already determined by July of 2001 that it would attack Afghanistan "by the middle of October at the latest," combined with the fact that the attacks of 9/11, by occurring on that date, gave the US military sufficient preparation time to begin its assault on October 7.

33. The evidence that during the "Hunt for Bin Laden" after 9/11, he and his Al Qaeda forces were repeatedly allowed to escape.

34. The evidence that the Bush administration sought in multiple ways to conceal the connections between 9/11 and Pakistan's ISI.

35. The fact that the FBI, the Justice Department, and the Air Force all refused to answer questions about the report that many of the (alleged) hijackers had received training at US flight schools.

36. The multiple reasons to doubt the official conspiracy theory's tale of Arab-Muslim hijackers.

37. The firing and subsequent gagging of FBI whistleblower Sibel Edmonds after she reported that a 9/11-related investigation was being sabotaged by a spy.

38. The fact that while people such as Julie Sirrs and Sibel Edmonds have been punished, there have been no reports of punishment for anyone who acted incompetently or obstructively in relation to 9/11 whether in the FAA, the FBI, the CIA, the DIA, the NSA, the Justice Department the White House, NORAD, the Pentagon, or the US military more generally.

39. The fact that the Bush administration has not revealed the identities of those who purchased the put options on United Airlines, American Airlines, and Morgan Stanley Dean Witter.

40. The fact that the 'White House repeatedly obstructed the attempts of the 9/11 Commission-as feeble as they appear to have been-to learn how the attacks of 9/11 could have succeeded.

These smoking guns could provide some starting points for a real investigation-if and when one is ever authorized.

September 11th, 2001

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