excerpts from the book
America's Secret Establishment
An Introduction to the Order of
Skull and Bones
by Antony Sutton
Trineday LLC, 1983, paperback
In classical liberalism, the State is always subordinate to the
individual. In Hegelian Statism, as we see in Naziism and Marxism,
the State is supreme, and the individual exists only to serve
... Progress in the Hegelian State is
through contrived conflict: the clash of opposites makes for progress.
If you can control the opposites, you dominate the nature of the
Progress in the Hegelian State is through contrived conflict:
the clash of opposites makes for progress. If you can control
the opposites, you dominate the nature of the outcome.
We trace the extraordinary [Yale] Skull
and Bones influence in a major Hegelian conflict: Naziism vs.
Communism. Skull and Bones members were in the dominant decision-making
positions Bush, Harriman, Stimson, Lovett, and so on - all Bonesmen,
and instrumental in guiding the conflict through use of "right"
and "left." They financed and encouraged the growths
of both philosophies and controlled the outcome to a significant
[John] Dewey was an ardent statist, and a believer in the Hegelian
idea that the child exists to be trained to serve the State. This
requires suppression of individualist tendencies and a careful
spoon-feeding of approved knowledge.
There is an Establishment history, an official history, which
dominates history textbooks, trade publishing, the media and library
shelves. The official line always assumes that events such as
wars, revolutions, scandals, assassinations, are more or less
random unconnected events. By definition events can never be the
result of a conspiracy, they can never result from premeditated
planned group action.
... Woe betide any book or author that
falls outside the official guidelines. Foundation support is not
there. Publishers get cold feet. Distribution is hit and miss,
There is a group within the Council of Foreign Relations which
belongs to a secret society, sworn to secrecy, and which more
or less controls the CFR.
... These members are in 'The Order' [Yale
Skull and Bones]. Their membership in The Order can be proven.
Their meetings can be proven. Their objectives are plainly unconstitutional.
And this Order has existed for 150 years in the United States.
Those on the inside know it as 'The Order'. Others have known
it for more than 150 years as Chapter 322 of a German secret society.
More formally, for legal purposes, The Order was incorporated
as The Russell Trust in 1856. It was also once known as the Brotherhood
of Death." Those who make light of it, or want to make fun
of it, call it "Skull & Bones," or just plain "Bones."
The American chapter of this German order
was founded in 1833 at Yale University.
... The Order is not just another campus
Greek letter fraternal society with passwords and handgrips, common
to most campuses. Chapter 322 is a secret society whose members
are sworn to silence. It only exists on the Yale campus.
... The Order is powerful, unbelievably
... It is Senior year society which exists
only at Yale. Members are chosen in their Junior year and spend
only one year on campus, the Senior year, with Skull & Bones.
In other words, the organization is oriented to the post graduate
The selection procedure for new members of The Order has not changed
since 1832. Each year 15, and only 15, never more, never fewer,
are selected. In the past 150 years about 2500 Yale graduates
have been initiated into The Order. At any one time about 500-600
are alive and active. Roughly about one-quarter of these take
an active role furthering the objectives of The Order.
... In selection emphasis is placed on
athletic ability - the ability to play on a team. The most unlikely
potential member of The Order is a loner, an iconoclast, an individualist,
the man who goes his own way in the world.
The most likely potential member is from
a Bones family, who is energetic, resourceful, political and probably
an amoral team player. A man who understands that to get along
you have to go along. A man who will sacrifice himself for the
good of the team... Honors and financial rewards are guaranteed
by the power of The Order. But the price of these honors and rewards
is sacrifice to the common goal, the goal of The Order.
During the 150-year interval since 1833, active membership has
evolved into a core group of perhaps 20-30 families; it seems
that active members have enough influence to push their sons and
relatives into The Order [Skull and Bones], and there is significant
inter-marriage among the families.
... First we find old line American families
who arrived on the East coast in the 1600s, e.g., Whitney, Lord,
Phelps, Wadsworth, Allen, Bundy, Adams and so on.
Second, we find families who acquired
wealth in the last 100 years, sent their sons to Yale and in time
became almost old line families, e.g., L Harriman, Rockefeller,
... In the last 150 years a few families
in The Order have gained enormous influence in society and the
The membership list of about 2500 initiates into The Order [Skull
and Bones] has very obvious features:
* Most members are from the Eastern seaboard
United States. As late as 1950 only three members resided in Los
Angeles, California, but 28 members resided in New Haven, Connecticut.
* Members are all males and almost all
WASPS (White Anglo Saxon Protestant). In great part they descended
from English Puritan families, their ancestors arrived in North
America in the 1630-1660 period.
* These Puritan families either intermarried
with financial power or invited in sons of money moguls, e.g.,
Rockefellers, Davisons, and Harrimans, whose sons became members
of The Order.
Hypothesis Number One: A Secret Society Dominated By Old Line
American Families And New Wealth Has Existed From 1833 To The
The Order [Skull and Bones] and Britain go through Lazard Freres
and the private merchant bankers. Notably the British establishment
was also founded at a University - Oxford University, and especially
All Souls College at Oxford. The British element is called "The
The Group links to the Jewish equivalent
through the Rothschilds in Britain (Lord Rothschild was an original
member of Rhodes "inner circle"). The Order in the U.S.
links to the Guggenheim, Schiff and Warburg families.
... The core of The Order, like the core
of "The Group" in England, comprises about 20 families.
In the U.S. case they are mostly descendents from the original
settlers in Massachusetts. New wealth did not enter The Order
until the mid-19th century and until recently, has never dominated
The evolution of American society is not, and has not been for
a century, a voluntary development reflecting individual opinion,
ideas and decisions at the grass roots. On the contrary, the broad
direction has been created artificially and stimulated by The
Order [Skull and Bones].
Hypothesis Number Two is:
THE ORDER [Skull and Bones] HAS PENETRATED
OR BEEN THE DOMINANT INFLUENCE IN SUFFICIENT POLICY, RESEARCH
AND OPINION MAKING ORGANIZATIONS THAT IT DETERMINES THE BASIC
DIRECTION OF AMERICAN SOCIETY.
In 1981 'The Anglo American Establishment', by Carroll Quigley,
was published in New York by a small anti-Establishment publisher.
Quigley was formerly instructor at Princeton and Harvard and then
Professor at the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.
The publisher notes in his introduction that Quigley had been
unable to find a major publisher for the manuscript. This is not
surprising. The book blows the lid off the British equivalent
of The Order.
... The British secret society, known
as "The Group" or just plain "US", was founded
at Oxford University, much as The Order was founded at Yale.
... The Groups objective is recorded in
Cecil Rhodes' will. It was:
"The extension of British rule throughout
the world, the perfecting of a system of emigration from the United
Kingdom and of colonization by British subjects of all lands wherein
the means of livelihood are attainable by energy, labour and enterprise
... and the ultimate recovery of the United States of America
as an integral part of the British Empire.
... Both The Group and The Order have
been created by Anglophiles who want to pattern the world on a
Hegelian-Anglo hybrid culture.
... Both The Group and The Order are unwilling
or unable to bring about a global society by voluntary means,
so they opted for coercion. To do this they have created wars
and revolutions, they have ransacked public treasuries, they have
oppressed, they have pillaged, they have lied - even to their
... The activities of The Order are directed
towards changing our society, changing the world, to bring about
a New World Order. This will be a planned order with heavily restricted
individual freedom, without Constitutional protection, without
national boundaries or cultural distinction.
In the Hegelian system, conflict is essential ... for Hegel and
systems based on Hegel, the State is absolute. The State requires
complete obedience from the individual citizen. An individual
does not exist for himself in these so-called organic systems
but only to perform a role in the operation of the State. He finds
freedom only in obedience to the State. There was no freedom in
Hitler's Germany, there is no freedom for the individual under
Marxism, neither will there be in the New World Order. And if
it sounds like George Orwell's 1984 - it is.
Who or what is the State? The State is a self-appointed elite.
Most of us believe the State exists to serve the individual, not
vice versa. The Order [Skull and Bones] believes the opposite
to most of us... always towards more state power ... and away
from individual rights.
The left-right political spectrum [is used] to neutralize unwelcome
facts and ideas or just condition citizens to think along certain
The "left" leaning segment of
the press [in the US] can always be relied upon to automatically
assault ideas and information from the right" and vice versa.
In fact, media outlets have been artificially set up just for
this purpose: both Nation and New Republic on the "left"
were financed by Willard Straight, using Payne Whitney (The Order)
funds. On the "right" National Review published by William
Buckley (The Order) runs a perpetual deficit, presumably made
up by Buckley.
Neither the independent right nor the
independent left sees the trap. They are so busy firing at each
other; they've mostly forgotten to look behind the scenes. And
The Order smugly claims control of the 'moderate" center.
The movement that will topple The Order [Skull and Bones] will
be extremely simple and most effective. It will be ten thousand
or a million Americans who come to the conclusion that they don't
want the State to be boss, that they prefer to live under the
protection of the Constitution,. They will make their own independent
decision to thwart The Order.
The Order [Skull and Bones] has so wrecked'
education that reading comprehension is difficult for many - that's
part of the brainwashing program.
Put to one side the descriptive clichés of left and right,
liberal and conservative, communist and fascist, even republican
and democrat... You will never understand The Order [Skull and
Bones] if you try to label it right or left. .
A Robert Taft and a William Buckley on
the right are just as important for the forward motion of society,
the fundamental change desired by The Order, as a William Sloan
Coffin and a Harry Payne Whitney (who financed the left). Their
conflict is essential for change.
THE ORDER USES THE HEGELIAN DIALECTIC PROCESS TO BRING ABOUT A
SOCIETY IN WHICH THE STATE IS ABSOLUTE, i.e., ALL POWERFUL.
Our whole way of life is based on the assumption that the individual
is superior to the State. That the individual is the ultimate
holder of sovereignty. That the State is the servant of the people.
It's deeply engrained within us.
The Order holds the opposite - that the
State is superior, that the common man (the peasant) can find
freedom only by obedience to the State.
In Hegelian theory ... the State is superior to the individual...
Nazism and Marxism have the same philosophy.
The State is absolute. But the State is also a fiction. So if
The Order [Skull and Bones] can manipulate the State, it in effect
becomes the absolute.
A tragic failure of American education in this century has been
a failure to teach children how to read and write and how to express
themselves in a literary form ... their prime purpose is not to
teach subject matter but to condition children to live as socially
integrated citizen units in an organic society - a real life enactment
of the Hegelian absolute State. In this State the individual finds
freedom only in obedience to the State, consequently the function
of education is to prepare the individual citizen unit for smooth
entry into the organic whole.
The Illuminati was founded May 1, 1776 by Professor Adam Weishaupt
of the University of Ingolstadt. It was a secret society, but
in 1785 and 1787 several batches of internal documents came to
the Bavarian Government. Subsequent investigation determined that
the aim of the Illuminati was world domination, using any methods
to advance the objective, i.e., the end always justifies the means.
During its time, the Illuminati had widespread and influential
... So far as education is concerned,
the Illuminati objective was as follows: "We must win the
common people in every corner. This will be obtained chiefly by
means of the schools..."
We can trace the foundation of three secret societies - the most
influential three secret societies that we know about, to universities.
The Illuminati was founded at University of Ingolstadt. The Group
was founded at All Souls College, Oxford University in England,
and The Order was founded at Yale University in the United States.
Your doctor knows nothing about nutrition? Ask him confidentially
and he'll probably confess he had only one course in nutrition
And there's a reason.
Back in the late 19th century American
medicine was in a deplorable state. To the credit of the Rockefeller
General Education Board and the Institute for Medical Research
funds were made available to staff teaching hospitals and to eradicate
some pretty horrible diseases. On the other hand, a chemical-based
medicine was introduced and the medical profession cut its ties
with naturopathy. Cancer statistics tell you the rest.
The philosophy and practice of today's [educational] system has
been achieved by injection of massive private funds by foundations
under influence, and sometimes control, of The Order [Skull and
John Dewey in 'My Pedagogic Creed'
"The school is primarily a social
institution. Education being a social process, the school is simply
that form of community life in which all those agencies are concentrated
that will be most effective in bringing the child to share in
the inherited resources of the race, and to use his own powers
for social ends.
John Dewey in 'My Pedagogic Creed'
The Dewey educational system does not
accept the role of developing a child's talents but, contrarily,
only to prepare the child to function as a unit in an organic
whole - in blunt terms a cog in the wheel of an organic society.
Whereas most Americans have moral values rooted in he individual,
the values of the school system are rooted in the Hegelian concept
of the State as the absolute.
"The State is the absolute reality
and the individual himself has objective existence, truth and
morality only in his capacity as a member of the State."
For [John] Dewey, man has no individual rights. Man exists only
to serve the State. This is directly contradictory to the Declaration
of Independence and the Constitution with the preamble "We
the people." They then go on to define the rights of the
state which are always subordinate and subject to the will of
"We the people."
For Hegel every quality of an individual exists only at the mercy
and will of the State. This approach is reflected in political
systems based on Hegel whether it be Soviet Communism or Hitlerian
The Order [Skull and Bones] has been able to convert the educational
system from one aimed at developing the individual child to one
aimed at conditioning the child to be a unit in an organic society.
In Hegelian terms, an existing force (the thesis) generates a
counterforce (the antithesis). Conflict between the two forces
results in the forming of a synthesis. Then the process starts
all over again: Thesis vs. antithesis results in synthesis.
The synthesis sought by the Establishment
is called the New World Order. Without controlled conflict this
New World Order will not come about... The International bankers
backed the Nazis, the Soviet Union, North Korea, North Vietnam
against the United States. The "conflict" built profits
while pushing the world ever closer to One World Government. The
process continues today.
The so-called establishment in the U.S. uses "managed conflict."
The practice of "managing" crises to bring about a favorable
outcome - favorable to the elite.
Both Marx and Hitler have their philosophical roots in Hegel.
What is the function of a Parliament or a Congress for Hegelians?
These institutions are merely to allow individuals to feel that
their opinions have some value and to allow a government to take
advantage of whatever wisdom the "peasant" may accidentally
"By virtue of [the] participation,
subjective liberty and conceit, with their general opinion, (individuals)
can show themselves palpably efficacious and enjoy the satisfaction
of feeling themselves to count for something."
John Dewey 'German Philosophy And Politics'
"War is the most effective preacher
of the vanity of all merely finite interests, it puts an end to
that selfish egoism of the individual by which he would claim
his life and his property as his own or as his family's."
For Hegel the individual is nothing, the individual has no rights,
morality consists solely in following a leader.
The Order in the United States, The Group
in England, the Illuminati in Germany, and the Politburo in Russia.
For these elitists the State is supreme and a self-appointed elite
running the State acts indeed as God on earth.
Carroll Quigley in 'Tragedy And Hope'
To [JP] Morgan all political parties were
simply organizations to be used, and the firm always was careful
to keep a foot in all camps.
[The] manipulation of "left" and "right on the
domestic front is duplicated in the international field where
"left" and "right" political structures are
artificially constructed and collapsed in the drive for a one-world
College textbooks present war and revolution
as more or less accidental results of conflicting forces. The
decay of political negotiation into physical conflict comes about,
according to these books, after valiant efforts to avoid war.
Unfortunately, this is nonsense. War is always a deliberate creative
act by individuals.
Western textbooks also have gigantic gaps.
For example, after World War II the Tribunals set up to investigate
Nazi war criminals were careful to censor any materials recording
Western assistance to Hitler. By the same token, Western textbooks
on Soviet economic development omit any description of the economic
and financial aid given to the 1917 Revolution and subsequent
economic development by Western firms and banks.
Revolution is always recorded as a spontaneous
event by the politically or economically deprived against an autocratic
state. Never in Western textbooks will you find the evidence that
revolutions need finance and the source of the finance in many
cases traces back to Wall Street.
Consequently it can be argued that our
Western history is every bit as distorted, censored, and largely
useless as that of Hitler's Germany or the Soviet Union or Communist
China. No Western foundation will award grants to investigate
such topics, few Western academics can "survive" by
researching such theses and certainly no major publisher will
easily accept manuscripts reflecting such arguments.
In fact, there is another largely unrecorded
history and it tells a story quite different than our sanitized
textbooks. It tells a story of the deliberate creation of war,
the knowing finance of revolution to change governments, and the
use of conflict to create a New World Order.
The key to modern history is in these facts: that elitists have
close working relations with both Marxists and Nazis.
World history, certainly since about 1917, reflects deliberately
created conflict with the objective of bringing about a synthesis,
a New World Order.
Wall Street ... assisted the Bolshevik Revolution. This assistance
was mainly cash, guns and ammunition, and diplomatic support in
London and Washington, D.C..
JP Morgan and other financial interests financed and influenced
all [political] parties from left to right in the political spectrum.
It was in Washington and London that The Order [Skull and Bones]
really aided the Soviets. The Order succeeded not only in preventing
military actions against the Bolsheviks, but to so-muddy the policy
waters that much needed vital raw materials and goods, ultimately
even loans, were able to flow from the United States to the Soviets,
in spite of a legal ban.
Since World War II the United States has kept the Soviets abreast
of modern technology. This story has been detailed elsewhere.
In brief, the creation of the Soviet Union
stems from The Order [Skull and Bones]. The early survival of
the Soviet Union stems from The Order. The development of the
Soviet Union stems from The Order.
But above all, his story has been concealed
from the American public by politicians.
The State in practice becomes all powerful. The immediate task
of "the revolution" is to convey all power to the state,
and modern Marxist states operate under a constant paranoia that
power may indeed pass away from the hands of the State into the
hands of the people.
... If Marxism is posed as the thesis
and national socialism as antithesis, then the most likely synthesis
becomes a Hegelian New World Order, a synthesis evolving out of
the clash of Marxism and national socialism. Moreover, in this
statement those who finance and manage the clash of opposites
can remain in control of the synthesis [New World Order]..
... The Order [Skull and Bones] has artificially
encouraged and developed both revolutionary Marxism and national
socialism while retaining some control over the nature and degree
of the conflict.
Conflict can be used for profit by corporations under control
and influence of The Order [Skull and Bones]. In World War II,
the Korean War and the Vietnamese War we can cite examples of
American corporations that traded with "the enemy" for
... Corporations - even large corporations
- are dominated by banks and trust companies, and in turn these
banks and trust companies are dominated by The Order and its allies.
Chase Bank was a Nazi collaborator... On the other hand, Chase
Bank, later Chase Manhattan Bank, has been a prime promoter of
exporting U.S. technology to the Soviet Union.
... The corporate segment of the elite
profited from Lend Lease to the Soviets and by underground cooperation
with Nazi interests.
World War II was the culmination of the dialectic process created
in the 1920s and 1930s. The clash between "left" and
"right," i.e., the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, led
to creation of a synthesis notably the United Nations, and a start
towards regional groupings in the Common Market, COMECON, NATO,
UNESCO, Warsaw Pact, SEATO, CENTO, and then the Trilateral Commission.
A start towards New World Order.
World War II left The Order with the necessity
to create a new dialectical situation to promote more conflict
to achieve a higher level synthesis.
The intellectual world is locked into a phony verbal battle between
"left" and "right," whereas the real struggle
is the battle between individual freedom and the encroaching power
of the absolute State.
... In the West the choice is basically between a controlled "left-oriented"
information and a controlled "right-oriented" information.
The conflict between the two controlled groups keeps an apparent
informational conflict alive. Unwelcome facts that fall into neither
camp are conveniently forgotten. Books that fall into neither
camp can be effectively neutralized because they will incur the
wrath of both "right" and "left".
In brief, any publication which points
up the fallacy of the Left-Right dichotomy is ignored... and citizens
keep trooping down to the polling booths in the belief they have
The Bush family [was] involved with the early development of the
Soviet Union, then with financing the Nazis.
Communist China will e a "superpower" built by American
technology and skill. It is presumably the intention of The Order
[Skull and Bones] to place this power in a conflict mode with
the Soviet Union.
Back in the late 17th century the Elector of Bavaria, the constitutional
government of Bavaria, banned the Illuminati organization. Accidental
discovery of Illuminati documents demonstrated that a secret organization
was devoted to the overthrow of the Bavarian state and establishment
of a world society run by elitist Illuminati.
The Order, a secret society also known as Skull & Bones, is
a clear and obvious threat to constitutional freedom in the United
an anonymous pamphlet entitled 'Skull & Bones' -Yale University,
Bones is a chapter of a corps in a German
University. It should properly be called, not Skull & Bones
Society but Skull & Bones Chapter. General R-------------
(Russell), its founder, was in Germany before Senior Year and
formed a warm friendship with a leading member of a German society.
He brought back with him to college, authority to found a chapter
here. Thus was Bones founded.
The Iconoclast, New Haven, CT, 1873
Out of every class Skull and Bones takes
its men. They have gone out into the world and have become, in
many instances, leaders in society.
The Order [a secret society also known as Skull & Bones] is
the only fully documented example we have of a secret society
within the U.S. establishment.
The Yale Senior society system is unique to Yale University. There
is nothing like it elsewhere in the United States or for that
matter in the entire world.
... There are three senior societies,
Skull & Bones, Scroll & Key and. Wolfs Head. Each year
15 male Yale juniors are tapped for admission.
... Skull & Bones was founded in 1933
and has initiated 15 members each year since 1933... Every year
during commencement week 15 Yale juniors receive an invitation
"Skull & Bones. Accept or reject?" Those who accept,
presumably the greater number, are invited to attend the Bones
Temple on campus to undergo an initiation ceremony.
... The Yale campus student is well aware
that the senior society system is geared to the affluent outside
world, to the world after graduation. Money and connections flow
... In effect the societies are the source
of a vast establishment network, a formalized "old boy"
network that effectively shuts out the newcomers and the non-Yale
talented from the halls of power. Because these are senior societies,
the emphasis is not on campus activities but on post graduation
ambitions. That is the fundamental difference to all other campus
societies in the U.S.
... Each annual class of new initiates
forms a club consisting of 15 members. Initiates are called Knights
in the first year and thereafter Patriarchs.
The Illuminati was a group of Bavarian conspirators dedicated
to the overthrow of government. The society was founded on May
1, 1776 by Adam Weishaupt, Professor of Canon Law at the University
of Ingoistadt. The Order of the Illuminati presumably ceased to
exist when it was raided by the Bavarian police in 1786 on orders
from the Elector of Bavaria.
New World Order page