An Awakened Civil Society
excerpted from the book
When Corporations Rule the World
by David C. Korten
published by Kumarian Press, 1995
January 1, 1994, was the inaugural day of the North J American
Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), an agreement intended to complete
the integration of the economies of Mexico, Canada, and the United
States. Business leaders throughout North America welcomed the
new opportunities for corporate expansion afforded by the merger.
The indigenous peoples of Chiapas state in southeastern Mexico
took a strikingly different view. They had for generations endured
similar economic "advances," each time losing more of
their lands and finding their livelihood opportunities ever more
limited. Calling NAFTA a death sentence for the people of Chiapas,
some 4,000 Indians launched an armed rebellion against the Mexican
Mexican political analyst Gustavo Esteva has called the Chiapas
rebellion the "first revolution of the twenty-first century."
Whereas the revolutions of the twentieth century were contests
for state power, the struggle of the Chiapas people was for greater
local autonomy, economic justice, and political rights within
the borders of their own communities. They did not call on their
fellow Mexicans to take up arms against the state but rather to
join them in a broad social movement calling for the liberation
of local spaces from colonization by alien political and economic
forces. Their battle cry-"Baste!" (Enough!)-was picked
up by popular movements all across Mexico and resonated around
Each day, more people are saying no to the forces of corporate
colonialism, reclaiming their spaces, taking back responsibility
for their lives, and working to create real-world alternatives
to the myths and illusions of economic globalization.
Journalist Dai Qing is a courageous and outspoken opponent
of the Three Gorges dam in China that threatens to displace 1.2
million people, flood 100,000 hectares of the country's most fertile
agricultural land, inundate a magnificent stretch of canyons,
and destroy the habitat's endangered species. In her words, "The
highest expression of dignity can be summed up in the single word
The democratic legitimacy of the institutions to which we
yield power derives from (1) being duly constituted by and accountable
to the sovereign people, (2) conducting their operations according
to an appropriate code of morals and ethics, and (3) producing
desirable consequences for the whole. Most are failing on all
three counts, not because the individuals who head them are corrupt,
but because these institutions have become too big, too distant,
and too captive to special interests. Capturing state power, whether
by election or revolution, does not change this. Nor do reforms
that simply chip away at the edges of the current structure. This
is why elections have become meaningless. We must transform the
system itself by reclaiming the power that we have yielded to
the corrupted institutions and taking back responsibility for
our own lives-exactly what growing millions of people are doing
at this moment everywhere on the planet. As this process progresses,
we redefine the relationships of power between the global, the
national, and the local, and the power of once seemingly invincible
In 1986, the Philippine people took to the streets in massive
demonstrations to say no to the hated and corrupt Marcos dictatorship.
The military sided with the people, Marcos fled the country in
disgrace, and democracy was restored with scarcely a shot fired.
The world saw an even more dramatic demonstration of this truth
in 1989 in Eastern Europe, and in 1991 in the former Soviet Union.
In India, Tasmania, Canada, Thailand, France, Hungary, and
elsewhere, people are joining Dai Qing in saying no to dam projects
that threaten their homes, livelihoods, and wild places. The women
of India's Chipko movement are wrapping themselves around threatened
trees to save them from loggers; Penan tribal people of Sarawak,
Malaysia, are blockading logging roads with their bodies; and
the 1 million strong Future Forest Alliance is organizing protest
demonstrations and media campaigns in Canada.
People are mobilizing to protect mangroves in the Ivory Coast,
reef systems in Belize, and wildlife in Namibia. They are opposing
toxic dumping in the United States and campaigning to protect
Antarctica as a natural preserve. Japanese citizens are pressuring
Japanese logging companies to change their practices abroad. Germans
are calling for an end to foreign aid that destroys primary forests.
Indigenous pocket miners, farmers, and fisherfolk in the Philippines
are mobilizing to challenge the right of a few powerful mining
corporations to destroy the livelihoods of thousands of people.
The ideologues of corporate libertarianism tell us that environmentalism
is a middle- or upper-class issue-a luxury that the poor cannot
afford. Yet we find with increasing frequency that the most heroic
actions to save the environment are being taken by the poor, who
know the costs of allowing the plunder of the natural resources
upon which their existence depends.
Indigenous peoples are often at the forefront. In Ecuador,
they have organized to reclaim their lands, protect the Ecuadorean
rain forests from foreign oil companies, and block a government
agricultural modernization program that would drive them off their
farms. In Peru, they have formed a 300,000-member alliance to
initiate projects that combine environmental and indigenous land
objectives. National Indian organizations from Peru, Bolivia,
Ecuador, Brazil, and Colombia have formed an international alliance
representing over a million people to press for Indian land rights.
Native Americans blocked a Honeywell corporation plan to create
a nuclear weapons testing site in the sacred Black Hills of South
Dakota and rejected offers from AMCOR Company to build a 5,000-acre
landfill and incinerator on tribal lands. In southern Panama,
indigenous peoples have organized to prevent the completion of
the Pan-American highway through the tropical forests of their
homelands-well aware that the highway would lead to the devastation
of their forests, the expropriation of their lands, and the destruction
of their culture.
In the Philippines and Colombia, people are saying no to violence,
declaring their villages to be zones of peace and telling both
government and insurgent combatants to fight their wars elsewhere.
The Women's Action Forum in fundamentalist Islamic Pakistan has
brought women out from the seclusion of their homes and veils
to join in mass public demonstrations to say no to the curtailment
of women's rights.
There are costs to saying no. Many of the nonviolent warriors
of the Ecological Revolution have suffered public ridicule, threats,
loss of jobs, bankrupt businesses, imprisonment, torture, and
death at the hands of those who do not share their vision of life-centered
societies. They bear the burdens of the political and spiritual
awakening that must precede the transformational changes on which
our collective future depends.
Creating alternatives, the building blocks of healthy societies,
is an important part of saying no. The women of Kenya's Greenbelt
movement have set up 1,500 grassroots nurseries and planted over
10 million trees. Other African women are following their lead.
The fisherfolk of Kerala state in India have organized to protect
their coastal fisheries resources. In the United States the Quinalt
Indians on the west coast of Washington State are buying back
the lands of their reservation acre by acre to carry out plans
for their sustainable management. Nearby, the people of Willapa
Bay, a major salmon and oyster fishery, have formed an alliance
of environmentalists, loggers, local businesspeople, government,
fisherfolk, landowners, and members of the Shoalwater Bay Indian
tribe to regenerate their once dynamic and biodiverse ecosystem
as the foundation of a prosperous, diversified, and sustainable
local economy. In Seattle, Washington, a group of citizen leaders
has formed Sustainable Seattle to pioneer the development of indicators
of progress toward sustainability.
Japanese women operate a 200,000-household Seikatsu Club Consumers'
Cooperative that works with suppliers to assure that they provide
safe and healthful products and treat workers and nature properly.
The 23,000 members of the Spanish Mondragon Cooperatives grossed
$3 billion in sales in 1991 and provide the world with a model
of the potential of dynamic worker-owned, community-based enterprises.
In hundreds of communities in Canada, Argentina, Australia, New
Zealand, the United States, and elsewhere, people are creating
their own community currencies-known variously as LETs, green,
or time dollars-to free themselves from colonization by the global
financial system, revitalize their communities, and build economic
self-reliance. Over 7,500 households representing some 20,000
people in thirteen European and North American countries participate
in Global Action Plan International (GAP) to support one another
and monitor their individual and joint progress toward more sustainable
lifestyles. Students in the United States have organized to make
their schools advertising-free zones. Five hundred Philippine
citizen organizations have formed a National Peace Conference
to develop a national peace agenda to end the long-standing armed
conflict in their country. In Israel, the Re'ut Sadaka Jewish
Arab Youth Movement encourages Arab end Jewish youth to live and
Each such initiative reclaims previously colonized space,
advance the rebuilding of human communities and natural ecosystems,
and serves as an inspiration for others.
The Power of Citizen Networking
When citizen volunteers organize to oppose powerful institutions
the command billions of dollars and access to the most privileged
inner sanctums of political power, it seems a highly uneven contest.
The institutions of transnational capital are highly visible,
their power is concentrated in an identifiable corporate core,
and they command enormous amounts of money. Yet their ability
to command the life energies of people diminishes quickly if their
money flows are restricted. Citizen activists are learning to
turn these characteristics into vulnerabilities.
The power of civil society rests with its enormous capacity
to rapidly and flexibly network diverse and dispersed individuals
and organizations that are motivated by voluntary commitments.
Effective citizen networks have many leaders-each able to function
independently of the others. The diversity and independence of
their members allow them to examine problems from many different
perspective and bring diverse abilities to bear. Their use of
the same electron) communications technologies-phone, fax, and
computer-that corporations have used to extend their global reach
allows them to move quickly and flexibly in joint actions at local,
national, and global level'
The lack of defined structure can make the actions of citizen
networks incoherent and difficult to sustain, but it also gives
them the ability to surround, infiltrate, and immobilize the most
powerful institutions. These same characteristics make them virtually
imperviou to attacks by the more centralized, money-dependent
global instititions of business and finance. Any one node in the
network can be immobilized and isolated-key actors have even been
assassinated-but a functioning network is able to adjust almost
instantaneously. It much like a hologram that can be reconstructed
from any of its part Indeed, attacks on citizen networks expose
the ill will of the perpetrators, offend moral sensibilities,
increase the network's visibility, attract new recruits, and strengthen
There are many contemporary examples of the ability of such
networks to make a difference at both national and global levels.
In the former Soviet Union, grassroots environmentalists held
the government accountable for widespread environmental degradation
and built a movement that helped spark the region's democratic
transformation. These groups are now allied under the politically
powerful SocioEcological Union to advance a broad environmental
and human rights agenda. In South Korea, the Citizen Coalition
for Economic Justice helped establish democratic rule and now
works for economic justice and environmental sustainability. In
Finland, 2,300 committees of the Village Action Movement have
affected the lives of some 500,000 people and restored rural areas
to a central place in national life.
A social movement in Sweden called the Natural Step is building
a national consensus around a commitment to make Sweden a model
of sustainability by achieving near 100 percent recycling of metals,
eliminating the release of compounds that do not break down naturally
in the environment, maintaining biological diversity, and reducing
energy use to levels of sustainable solar capture. Some 10,000
professionals, business executives, farmers, restaurateurs, students,
and government officials are active in sixteen specialized networks
developing and carrying out action plans. Forty-nine local governments,
members of the Swedish Farmers Federation, and twenty-two large
Swedish companies are now working to align themselves with these
A broadly based U.S. citizens' alliance of farmer, consumer,
environmental, animal welfare, religious, labor, and other public-interest
organizations is working on a broad agenda to transform U.S. agriculture
to restore small farms, eliminate the use of toxic chemicals,
and make land management practices sustainable. New initiatives
in the U.S. Iabor movement-largely spearheaded by women and minority
groups-have more of the community-oriented, participatory, and
open quality of social movements than conventional hierarchically
organized craft or industrial unions and are seeking alliances
with small farmers and small business owners who share a stake
in strong local economies. Local African American groups are reclaiming
their power and taking back responsibility for their communities
by mobilizing to steer their young men away from drugs and guns
and build more economic opportunity for African American people.
One of the most dramatic national-scale citizen initiatives
is Citizenship Action against Misery and for Life-Brazil's grassroots
hunger movement spearheaded by Herbert "Betinho" de
Souza of the Brazilian Institute for Social and Economic Analyses
(IBASE). It is an outgrowth of the broadly based Brazilian citizen
movement that led to the 1993 impeachment of Fernando Collor,
the Brazilian president whose corruption grew to exceed even the
tolerance of Brazil's jaded middle and upper classes. Once the
new government was installed, de Souza capitalized on his own
reputation as a leader of the impeachment movement and the resulting
sense of civic empowerment to mobilize Brazil fans behind a national
commitment to end a national disgrace-3 million of Brazil's 156
million people living in perpetual hunger o incomes of less than
$120 a year in a country with one of the world most modern and
dynamic economies. A 1994 survey estimated th.at some 2.8 million
Brazilians, roughly 10 percent of the population of sixteen years
old, were active participants in neighborhood hunger committees
made up of workers, students, housewives, businesspeople, artists,
and others. Roughly a third of Brazil's adult population has mad
some kind of personal contribution to the campaign.
Three key elements make the Brazilian hunger movement distinctive:
1. The problem is broken down into manageable pieces. Members
of the middle and upper classes were admonished to go into their
immediate neighborhoods, find one person who was hungry, and do
something about it. An individual feels overwhelmed and disempowered
by the hunger of 32 million people, but doing something about
the hunger of one or two people who live within a block of home
is possible-and deeply fulfilling. Each individual has the empowering
experience of being able to make a difference. When millions of
people share this experience, it can create a new civic culture.
2. It involves direct human engagement. People are not asked
to send money to a relief agency so that professional hunger workers
can feed the needy in some safely distant place. They are challenged
to go into their own neighborhoods and build human relationships,
to allow themselves to be touched by the life of a poor and hungry
person whom the system has excluded, to hear that person's story
and share in the burden of his or her suffering, and to serve
as a bridge to make society whole again.
3. It guilds toward a new political and spiritual consciousness.
People are encouraged to reflect on the act of befriending and
improving the life of a hungry person as both a political and
a spiritual experience and as a source of insight into the source
of the dysfunctions of Brazilian society. Through media presentations
and local meetings, citizens are led to a growing awareness of
the dynamics of inequality and exclusion that flow from the concentration
of economic power in a few giant corporations.
International citizen advocacy has come into its own in the
past twenty to thirty years. Global alliances such as Amnesty
International have long been at the forefront of the international
struggle to recognize basic human rights. In the late 1960s and
early 1970s, the International Planned Parenthood Federation led
a global transformation in attitudes toward family planning and
a woman's right to birth control.
In the 1980s, while U.S. President Ronald Reagan was characterizing
the Soviet Union as the evil empire and Soviet leaders were characterizing
Americans as barbaric monsters, thousands of private American
and Soviet citizens were engaged through groups such as the Institute
for Soviet-American Relations, the Esalan Institute, the Natural
Resources Defense Council, and the Context Institute in building
foundations for peace, mutual understanding, and democratization.
The Philippine Development Forum, with offices in Washington and
Manila, has helped block multilateral funding of destructive energy
projects, expose toxic wastes at U.S. military bases, and advance
creative new funding mechanisms to promote sustainable development
in the Philippines. A coalition of Canadian, Mexican, and U.S.
groups formed to oppose NAFTA is coordinating citizen proposals
for people-centered economic cooperation among the countries of
North America. When Honeywell and General Electric fired union
organizers at their plants in Juarez and Chihuahua, Mexico, unions
in the United States and Canada representing workers employed
by these multinationals joined to act against these companies
in support of their Mexican counterparts.
In 1979, Malaysian consumer activist Anwar Fazal, then president
of the International Organization of Consumer Unions (IOCU), convened
the International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN), an international
alliance of citizen advocacy groups, to boycott Nestle products.
Responding to evidence that bottle-feeding was causing thousands
of infant deaths each year in poor countries, the boycotters demanded
that Nestle stop the aggressive promotion of its infant formula
product as a modern and nutritious substitute for breast-feeding.
Nestle launched a vicious counterattack, which spurred the rapid
growth of IBFAN into a coalition of more than 140 citizen groups
in seventy countries. As a result of the IBFAN efforts, the World
Health Organization issued a code of conduct in 1981 governing
the promotion of baby formula, and Nestle made a promise-subsequently
dishonored-to follow the code.
Building on the IBFAN experience, the IOCU regional office
in Penang, Malaysia, launched other citizen networks to counter
threats to human health, safety, and pocketbooks from the activities
of transnational corporations dealing in pharmaceuticals, tobacco,
toxic wastes, chemical agriculture, biotechnology, and food irradiation.
The Third World Network, an important Southern citizen advocacy
group led by former university professor Mohammed Idris, was also
born in Penang-making this coastal city a global focal point of
citizen resistance to the new colonialism.
The way in which citizen networks with modest resources are
able surround and infiltrate the most powerful international institute
is demonstrated by the "Fifty Years Is Enough" campaign
organ)' by citizen groups on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary
of t World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The
Bank and the IMF command massive financial resources, leverage
the worlds largest financial markets, and virtually dictate the
policies of ma governments. They can mobilize thousands of highly
paid staff to generate statistics and policy papers favoring their
positions, buy me' reach through the world's most prestigious
public-relations firms, a co-opt influential nongovernmental organizations
(NGOs) with off of grants, contracts, and foreign travel.
Citizen groups in nearly every country in which these two
institutions operate rose to the challenge of this highly unequal
contest, even eliciting cooperation from sympathetic staff within
these secret institutions. The Bank and the IMF now are never
certain what sec internal documents will find their way into citizen
hands and publications or where protest banners, mass demonstrations,
op-ed piece advertisements, and special issues of citizen journals
and newsletter will appear challenging their claims of effectiveness
and calling for c' in their funding. No more than three years
ago, the suggestion that the World Bank should be shut down seemed
naive and even a bit frivolous. Now the Bank's funding replenishments
are in jeopardy, and closure is discussed as a serious proposal.
This is only a small illustrative sampling of the countless
initiatives being undertaken by ordinary people everywhere. Together
they r. resent the awakening of civil society and the emergence
of the social and political forces of the Ecological Revolution.
Global citizen networking is a crucial part of the process
of creating new globalized human consciousness. In countless forums,
people from every corner of the world are meeting to share their
experiences w an errant global system and build a cooperative
agenda. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
(UNCED), Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992 was
a defining moment in the global citizen dialogue. While the official
meetings were going on in the grand and heavily guarded Rio Centro
convention center, some 18,000 private citizens of every race,
religion, social class, and nationality gathered in tents on a
steamy stretch of beachfront on the other side of town for the
NGO Global Forum to draft citizen treaties setting agendas for
cooperative voluntary action.
The two gatherings could hardly have been more different.
The official meetings were tediously formal and tightly programmed;
they largely affirmed the status quo and carefully avoided most
of the fundamental issues, including planetary limits to economic
growth, unaccountable corporate power, and the consequences of
economic globalization. The citizen deliberations were chaotic,
free-floating, and contentious. They directly confronted the fundamental
issues and called for sweeping transformational change. In the
end, it was evident that behind the cacophony of discordant voices
were important elements of consensus manifesting a new global
political, environmental, and spiritual consciousness.
At UNCED, citizen organizations worked largely at the periphery
of the official discussions, but the citizen treaty process made
a major contribution to putting in place the foundation of a citizen
consensus and helped prepare the way for more substantive input
to future global meetings. Key elements of the Consensus were
synthesized in "The People's Earth Declaration: A Proactive
Agenda for the Future" (see the appendix). At subsequent
official international conferences, citizen groups have become
more familiar with and skilled in dealing with official UN processes-especially
key organizations within the women's movement, such as Development
Alternatives for Women in a New Era (DAWN) and the Women's Environment
and Development Organization (WEDO). By the time of the 1994 International
Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, the women's
movement demonstrated that it was the first among the citizen
movements to truly master the UN meeting process. Working with
and through national governments and the UN secretariat, women's
groups set the basic frame of the official conference document.
Dissenting governments and the Catholic Church were the ones placed
in the position of seeking adjustments in the nuances of phrases
to which they objected. Bearing a disproportionate share of the
human burden of the global human crisis, women are now taking
the leadership in crafting a new gender-balanced human development
agenda to benefit all people. The women's movement is rapidly
emerging as the political vanguard of the Ecological Revolution.
Doing the Possible
We live in an era in which the potential for rapid change
on a global scale far exceeds that of any previous period in human
history. In a single year, 1988, the environment, which previously
had been a issue only for hard-core environmentalists, broke into
global consciousness. Environmental concerns became a major issue
in a U.S. presidential election, and Time magazine named the endangered
earth the media event of the year. Four years later, in June 1992,
the largest gathering of heads of state, other political leaders,
corporations, and citizen organizations in human history took
place in Rio de Janeiro t complete agreements protecting the global
Consider the ridicule that would have been heaped on the visionary
prophet who dared even in 1988 to predict that by 1991 the Soviet
Union would peacefully dissolve itself, Germany would be reunite'
the Berlin Wall would be gone, and the leadership of the former
"evil empire" would be inviting the United States to
help dismantle its nuclear arsenal. What if this same prophet
had predicted that in 1993 the Israelis and Palestinians would
sign a peace accord? And that in 1994 Nelson Mandela would be
elected the president of South Africa in an open multiracial election?
Perhaps even more remarkable the fact that these events occurred
at all is that fact that we already take most of them for granted,
quickly forgetting what extraordinary events they were and how
rapidly impossible dreams are becoming accomplished fact.
Now let's consider a number of possible contemporary predictions
line with the agenda of the Ecological Revolution. Most of us
would conclude that anyone foolish enough to predict that any
of the following might occur within the next five years had taken
leave of his or h, senses. Yet in each case, ask just one question
before jumping to the conclusion: is it any more preposterous
to suggest that this event m, occur by the year 2001 than it would
have been to suggest the possibility of any of the above-mentioned
events happening even as little as three years before their actual
* International arms sales will be banned and the world's
major armies dismantled in favor of a small unified UN peacekeeping
* Japan, the United States, Canada, Germany, and a number
of other European countries will levy a 50 percent tax on advertising
to finance consumer education on the merits of frugality and research
on how to eliminate the growth imperative from the national economy.
* Current national income accounting systems based on returns
to business enterprises will be replaced by systems that measure
economic performance on the basis of human needs met and the enhancement
or depletion of a country's human, social, and natural capital
* A rigorous international antitrust agreement will be signed
by the world's nations, and aggressive implementation of its provisions-combined
with a rash of community and worker buyout initiatives-will break
up most of the world's larger transnational corporations and convert
their components into community- and employee-owned enterprises
serving predominantly local markets.
* Massive agrarian reform initiatives will break up corporate
and other large agricultural holdings nearly everywhere and convert
them into family farms serving local markets, using biointensive
agricultural methods and recycling organic wastes. Ninety percent
of the debts of low-income countries will be repudiated or forgiven,
and long-term international borrowing will be sharply curtailed.
* A drastically downsized World Bank will be converted into
a technical assistance agency melded into the United Nations Development
Program to function under UN auspices as an advisor to countries
on how to become less trade dependent and localize their economies.
* The IMF and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade -
World Trade Organization will be replaced by UN agencies under
the authority and supervision of the UN's Economic and Social
Council and will be engaged in rewriting international finance
and trade policies to support economic localization within a framework
of global cooperation.
* Several thousand indigenous cultures previously on the verge
of extinction will be revived and flourishing.
* The industrial countries will reduce their per capita consumption
of nonrenewable energy by 50 percent, and sales of new gasoline-powered
automobiles will fall in the industrial countries by 75 percent
with the phase-in of solar conversion and the redesign of urban
habitats to facilitate walking, bicycling, and public transit.
* The world's major fisheries will be well on their way to
recovery under regimes of sustainable management carried out by
resource management cooperatives made up of small-scale family
* An international agreement will make the patenting of life
forms illegal, and an international authority will be established,
funded by a tax on international capital movements, to purchase
rights to the most socially and environmentally beneficial technologies,
place them in the public domain, and facilitate access to them
by anyone in the world who wish put them to beneficial use.
* A number of national and international business organize
representing many of the world's largest corporations voluntarily
accept codes of conduct that include capping executive salaries
at a level no greater than twenty times the lowest paid worker
anywhere within a firm's global auction network, reducing nonrenewable
energy use t percent of 1995 levels by 2010, and achieving 90
percent product life-cycle recycling by the same year.
* Most countries will eliminate taxes on incomes and basic
gumption up to the levels required for a comfortable subsistence
in favor of taxes on resource extraction, internal movements of
money, luxury consumption, upper-level incomes, and inheritances.
* More than half of the world's countries will have policies
convert the productivity gains of mechanization and automation
into a twenty-hour workweek and a guaranteed income. Most exclusionary
fundamentalist religious sects preach fear and intolerance will
fall into obscurity in the face ecumenical movement born of the
widespread inner spiritual awakening to the unity of life and
* Most women and men will be sharing equally in household
and voluntary community duties.
* All but 500,000 of the world's refugees will be permanently
and peacefully resettled-most in their countries of origin.
* Most of the world will embrace the norm of the two-child
family, with the endorsement of the Catholic Church and major
* Political party structures will be realigned in most countries
and grassroots political movements born of concern for democratic
accountability, social justice, and environmental sustainability
will be flourishing-with many people from ordinary walks of life
contesting and winning election to both local and national office.
Absurdly unrealistic? Yes, but no more so than many of the
advances of the past few years. Am I offering these as predictions?
No, but they are among the possibilities that we may wish to include
on our agenda for change.
Corporations Rule the World