Remember Gaza: One of History's
Terror Bombing Victims
by Stephen Lendman
January 12, 2009
History's terror bombings. This article
reviews some of the most infamous:
-- Guernica - 1937;
-- the London Blitz - 1940 - 41;
-- Dresden - 1945;
-- Tokyo - 1945;
-- Hiroshima and Nagasaki - 1945;
-- North Korea - 1950 - 53;
-- Southeast Asia - 1964 - 73;
-- Iraq - 1991 to the present;
-- Serbia/Kosovo - 1999;
-- Afghanistan - 2001 to the present;
-- Lebanon - 1982 and 2006; and
-- Gaza - 2008 - 09.
Strategic bombing involves destroying
an adversary's economic and military ability to wage war. It targets
its war making capacity and related infrastructure. Terror bombing
is another matter. It's against civilians to break their morale,
cause panic, weaken an enemy's will to fight, and inflict mass
casualties and punishment.
Geneva and other international laws forbid
the targeting of civilians. The Laws of War: Laws and Customs
of War on Land (1907 Hague IV Convention) states:
-- Article 25: "The attack or bombardment,
by whatever means, of towns, villages, dwellings, or buildings
which are undefended is prohibited."
-- Article 26: "The officer in command
of an attacking force must, before commencing a bombardment, except
in cases of assault, do all in his power to warn the authorities."
Article 27: "In sieges and bombardments,
all necessary steps must be taken to spare, as far as possible,
buildings dedicated to religion, art, science, or charitable purposes,
historic monuments, hospitals, and places where the sick and wounded
are collected, provided they are not being used at the time for
military purposes." The besieged should visibly indicate
these buildings or places and notify an adversary beforehand.
The Fourth Geneva Convention protects
civilians in time of war. It prohibits violence of any type against
them and requires treatment for the sick and wounded. In September
1938, a League of Nations unanimous resolution prohibited the:
"bombardment of cities, towns, villages,
dwellings or buildings not in the immediate neighborhood of the
operations of land forces....In cases where (legitimate targets)
are so situated, (aircraft) must abstain from bombardment"
if this action indiscriminately affects civilians.
The 1945 Nuremberg Principles prohibit
"crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity."
These include "inhumane acts committed against any civilian
populations, before or during the war," including indiscriminate
killing and "wanton destruction of cities, towns, or villages,
or devastation not justified by military necessity."
The 1968 General Assembly Resolution on
Human Rights prohibits launching attacks against civilian populations.
Israel and America do it repeatedly - by land, sea and terror
Below is some relevant history.
Guernica, Spain - 1937
On April 26, 1937, German and Italian
aircraft fire-bombed the small Basque town at the request of their
fascist ally General Francisco Franco. It destroyed the town,
killed an estimated 1650 people, and injured hundreds more. An
eyewitness account said:
"The only things left standing were
a church, a sacred tree, the symbol of the Basque people....There
hadn't been a single anti-aircraft gun in the town. It (was) mainly
a fire raid....A sight that haunted me for weeks was the charred
bodies of several women and children huddled together in what
had been the cellar of a house." It was a drill for larger-scale
bombings to come, and civilian sites were as fair game as military
The scene was repeated throughout the
town. Guernica was in flames. It wasn't the first instance of
bombarding civilians. Germans did it in WW I. Britain did it against
Iraq in the 1920s with poison gas. Secretary for Air and War Winston
Churchill's secret poison gas memo recommended it. In a May 12,
1919 departmental minute he wrote: "I do not understand the
squeamishness about the use of gas....I am strongly in favour
of using poisoned gas against uncivilised tribes."
In 1937, Hitler used explosives, fragmentation
bombs and incendiaries in the two and a half hour raid "with
a brutality that had never been seen before," according to
Basque Autonomous Republic president Jose Antonio de Aguirre.
"They scorched the city and fired machine guns at the women
and children who fled in panic, resulting in numerous deaths."
The London Blitz - 1940 - 41
Following a German-staged August 31, 1939
attack, Hitler invaded Poland on September 1. Honoring their obligations
to Poland, Britain and France demanded a withdrawal. None came,
and on September 3, Prime Minister Chamberlain announced on-air
that a state of war existed against Germany. WW II began.
On September 7, 1940, Hitler changed tactics.
After initially targeting RAF airfields and radar stations in
preparation for an invasion, he attacked London for 57 consecutive
nights to demoralize the population and force Britain to come
to terms. It began the "Blitz" against numerous UK cities.
It lasted intensively until May 11. Hitler then focused on Russia,
continued smaller-scale UK bombings, and by 1944 used pilotless
V-1 flying ("Buzz) bombs and V-2 rockets.
Ernie Pyle was a noted war correspondent
witness to the Battle of Britain and invasion of France. He described
a 1940 London night raid as follows:
"It was a night when London was ringed
and stabbed with fire. They came just after dark, and somehow
you could sense from the quick, bitter firing of the guns that
there was to be no monkey business this night."
"Shortly after the sirens wailed
you could hear the Germans grinding overhead. In my room....you
could feel the shake from the guns. You could hear (explosions)
tearing buildings apart....You have all seen big fires, but I
doubt if you have ever seen the whole horizon of a city lined
with great fires - scores of them, perhaps hundreds....Every two
minutes, a new wave of planes would be over...."
"Later on, I went out among the fires....London
stabbed with great fires, shaken by explosions....all of it roofed
over with a ceiling of pink that held bursting shells, balloons,
flares and the grind of vicious engines. (It was) the most hateful,
most beautiful single scene I have ever known."
London wasn't the only city attacked.
In addition to military sites, so were Dublin, Manchester, Liverpool,
Belfast, Birmingham, Sheffield, Plymouth, Nottingham, Southhampton,
Bristol, Cardiff, Clydebank, Coventry, Greencock, Swansea, and
Before it ended, around 43,000 died in
London, thousands more in other cities, hundreds of thousands
were injured, and more than a million London houses were destroyed
- yet the British public was more than ever committed to defeating
Dresdan - 1945
As a German POW, author Kurt Vonnegut
witnessed the effects of its fire-bombing and described the horror
that Arthur ("Bomber) Harris inflicted:
"You guys burnt the place down, turned
it into a single column of flame. More people died there in the
firestorm, in that one big flame, than died in Hiroshima and Nagazaki
Well, not quite as explained below. Nonetheless,
on the evening of February 13 and early 14th morning, 1945, the
raid was horrific by any measure. It was an orgy of barbarism
against a defenseless German city and one of Europe's great cultural
In less than 14 hours, it was ruined and
as many as 100,000 Germans died, although later accounts suggested
lower totals. Dresdan was also a hospital city for wounded soldiers.
It was of no military importance, and, by February, Germany was
soundly defeated. Attacking was morally indefensible, and unleashing
a firestorm and slaughter of tens of thousands was one of WW II's
great war crimes.
More than 700,000 phosphorous bombs were
dropped on 1.2 million people. The temperature in city center
reached 1600 degrees centigrade. Bodies became molten flesh. The
slaughter was horrific, so why was it ordered? The February 4
- 11 Yalta Conference was approaching at which the Big Three (Roosevelt,
Churchill and Stalin) would divide the spoils of war. Churchill
and Roosevelt wanted an edge as well as a way to "impress"
Stalin. It wasn't gotten as bad weather delayed the original raid,
yet Churchill ordered it anyway and declared it successful when
Morality wasn't an issue for the man who
felt no "squeamishness" over using poison gas against
Iraqis in the 1920s and recommended it in his secret memo. Nor
in firebombing Hamburg in July 1943 - causing widespread destruction,
killing an estimated 50,000, injuring many more, mostly civilians,
and leaving around one million Germans homeless.
Tokyo - 1945
US air forces bombed Tokyo several times
before using incendiaries. On April 18, 1942, four months after
Pearl Harbor, Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle led the raid MGM made famous
in its 1944 film, "Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo." It did
little damage. All 16 US aircraft were lost, 11 crewmen were either
killed or captured, but it achieved its aim. It sent a propaganda
message and proved Tokyo was vulnerable to more attacks.
The B-29 Superfortress made the difference.
Introduced in May 1944, it was a long-range heavy bomber used
first in a single plane high altitude reconnaissance mission over
Tokyo in November. The first firebombing raid came on February
24, 1945 when 174 planes destroyed one square mile of the city.
The major attack came days later on March 9 when 279 Superforts
demolished 16 square city miles, killed an estimated 100,000 in
the firestorm, injured many more, and left over one million homeless.
Around five dozen other Japanese cities were also firebombed at
a time most structures in the country were wooden and easily consumed.
And for what?
Early in 1945, Japan sent America peace
feelers, and, two days before the February Yalta Conference, Douglas
MacArthur sent Roosevelt a 40-page summary of its terms. They
were near-unconditional. The Japanese would accept an occupation,
would cease hostilities, surrender its arms, remove all troops
from occupied territories, submit to criminal war trials, and
allow its industries to be regulated. In return, they asked only
that their Emperor be retained in an honorable capacity.
Roosevelt spurned the offer. So did Truman.
In March, Tokyo was firebombed, then in August atomic bombs were
used for the first (and so far only) time against Hiroshima and
Hiroshima and Nagasaki - 1945
The week of August 6, 1945 was the worst
in Japanese history. On August 8, Soviet Russia declared war,
invaded Manchuria, and occupied it and the Sakhalin and Kuril
On August 6 and 9, president Truman authorized
Hiroshima and Nagasaki to be attacked with atomic weapons. Records
at the time estimated that by December the (mostly civilian) Hiroshima
death toll was about 140,000. In Nagasaki, it was somewhat lower
at 74,000, but those numbers rose in succeeding months and years.
Radiation poisoning is permanent and enough of it kills or causes
grievous illnesses, disfiguration, and birth defects to offspring.
Decades later, they're still being felt.
The joint US, UK, Canada (1939 - 1946)
Manhattan Project developed nuclear weapons with the first bomb
test-detonated three weeks before August 6. Hiroshima was the
initial target, a medium-sized city of industrial and military
importance although that late in the war Japan was largely destroyed
and in a state of collapse.
Nagasaki was a large southern Japanese
sea port. Kokura was the primary target, but poor visibility on
August 9 diverted the mission to the alternate choice. Howard
Zinn recounted what happened in his August 2000 "Bombs of
Their principle justification was to save
"lives because otherwise a planned US invasion of Japan would
have been necessary, resulting in the deaths of tens of thousands,
perhaps hundreds of thousands. Truman at one point (said) 'a half
million lives,' and Churchill 'a million lives,' but these figures"
had no basis in fact. "Even official projections" were
at most around 46,000.
"In fact, the bombs that fell on
Hiroshima and Nagasaki did not forestall an invasion of Japan
because (none) was necessary" or even likely. Japan was "on
the verge of surrender" and top US military and government
officials knew it so "dropping the bomb(s were) completely
Afterward, Joint Chiefs Chairman, William
Leahy, called the atomic bomb "a barbarous weapon" and
admitted that using them against Japan was unnecessary. After
the US May 1945 Okinawa victory, Japan had enough of war. By June,
six of its Supreme War Council members authorized Foreign Minister
Togo to ask the Soviets to mediate its end. Hitler and Mussolini
were dead. Germany surrendered in early May, and Japan offered
near-unconditionally provided its Emperor was retained.
Truman spurned the offer to ensure the
atomic bombings. "It seems that the United States government
was determined to drop those bombs," according to Zinn. Why
He cites Gar Alperovitz "whose research
on that question is unmatched." Based on Truman's papers,
"the bomb was seen as a diplomatic weapon against the Soviet
Union" - to let us dictate war-ending terms and as the "first
major operation of the cold diplomatic" one that followed.
Horrifying as it was, incinerating hundreds
of thousands late in the war was judged good politics plus a message
to Soviet Russia and other potential adversaries that we were
the toughest adversary around - and for doubters, visit the remains
of Tokyo, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Other aims as well lay behind the attacks
then and later on - "There was tin, rubber, oil, corporate
profit (and) imperial arrogance." Human rights and lives
relate to none of these.
North Korea - 1950-53
East Asia and Korean expert Bruce Cumings
wrote this about the Korean War:
"What was indelible about it was
the extraordinary destructiveness of the United States air campaigns
against North Korea, from the widespread and continuous use of
firebombing (mainly with napalm), to threats to use nuclear and
chemical weapons, and the destruction of huge North Korean dams
in the final stages of war."
Post-WW II, neither North Korea, China
or any other country threatened America. Creating adversaries
was entirely bogus to advance our imperial agenda, and slaughtering
millions of North Koreans was perfectly acceptable. Later millions
of Southeast Asians. More on that below.
On June 25, 1950, after months of US-influenced
Republic of Korean (ROK) provocations, North Korean forces invaded
the South. James Petras wrote about "Provocation and Pretext
for the US War Against Korea" and referred to America's "incomplete
conquest of Asia" following WW II.
Revolutionary upheavals followed in China,
Southeast Asia and Korea. "President Truman faced a profound
dilemma - how to consolidate US imperial supremacy in the Pacific"
when the public and "war wearied soldiers....demand(ed) demobilization
and a return" to normalcy. Like Roosevelt in 1941, he chose
the usual course, provoked a confrontation, and intervened in
Korea's civil war.
In the run-up to the US invasion, "Truman,
the US Congress, and mass media engaged in a massive propaganda
campaign (like today to sell foreign wars) and purge of peace
and anti-militarist organizations throughout US civil society.
Tens of thousands" were affected but not like what we did
Until the 1953 armistice, North Korea
was literally bombed to rubble with principle targets hit around
Pyongyang (the capital), Chongyin, Wonsan, Hungnam and Rashin.
Three to four million deaths resulted and unimaginable additional
casualties, mostly innocent civilians.
"Korea (was) assumed to have been
a limited war," but it bore strong resemblance to the air
war against Japan in WW II, and it was directed by some of the
same military leaders. The use of napalm against populated areas
was horrific as one survivor described:
"It fell right on people. Men all
around me burned. They lay rolling in the snow. Men I knew....begged
me to shoot them...It was terrible. When the napalm had burned
the skin to a crisp, it would be peeled back from the face, arms,
legs....like fried potato chips."
Orders were given to burn towns and villages
and create oceans of fires. General Matthew Ridgway ordered the
air force to burn the capital, Pyongyang, to the ground. Other
areas also in a scorched earth campaign few in America knew about,
then or now.
MacArthur asked for commander's discretion
to use nuclear weapons, lots of them, and if Truman hadn't intervened
he would have. In posthumously published interviews, he said he
had a plan to win the war in 10 days: "I would have dropped
30 or so atomic bombs strung across the neck of Manchuria,"
spread a radioactive cobalt belt from the Sea of Japan to the
Yellow Sea, and deterred any invasion from the North. "My
plan was a cinch," he claimed, and the Russians would have
done nothing about it.
Even without nuclear weapons, "the
air war leveled North Korea and killed millions of civilians.
North Koreans tell you that for three years they faced a daily
threat of being burned (alive) with napalm." There was no
escape, and by "1952 just about everything in northern and
central Korea had been completely leveled. What was left of the
population survived in caves."
Bomb damage assessment showed that 18
of 22 major cities were half or more obliterated. The big industrial
ones were from 75 - 100% destroyed. Villages were described as
"low, wide mounds of violent ashes." This was Korea,
"the limited war." Southeast Asia was next.
Southeast Asia - Vietnam, Cambodia and
Laos - 1964 - 1973
Gabriel Kolko wrote the definitive history
of the Vietnam war in his 1985 book: "Anatomy of a War: Vietnam,
the United States, and the Modern Historical Experience."
He saw America's invention as a predictable consequence of its
ambition, strengths, weaknesses, and quest for world dominance.
Nonetheless, it miscalculated. Vietnamese
tired of colonial rule so the communists in the North gained control.
They won peasant loyalty by promising more equal land distribution.
In addition, their top leaders were intellectuals. They planned
well and were patient. The contrast in the South was stark. America
installed the authoritarian Ngo Dinh Diem regime to build a strong
army, crush opposition, and serve as a reliable ally.
From the 1950s, the US supplied military
advisors, slowly escalated under Kennedy, and much more when Lyndon
Johnson became president. After the bogus August 1964 Gulf of
Tonkin incident, war began to establish client regimes and military
bases across East and South Asia, encircle China, and crush nationalist
Operation Rolling Thunder began in February
1965 and lasted through October 1968. For 44 months, over one
millions tons of ordnance were used in targeted and indiscriminate
bombings. It aimed to destroy North Vietnam's economy and curtail
help reaching National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) resistance
in the South. Over the course of the war, eight million tons of
bombs were dropped from 1965 - 73, threefold the tonnage in WW
II and amounting to 300 tons for every Vietnamese man, woman,
As in Korea, napalm was also used along
with other incendiary devices. In addition, terror weapons like
anti-personnel cluster bombs spewing thousands of metal pellets
hitting everything in their path plus the indiscriminate planting
of land mines that to this day take lives.
From 1961 to 1971, the dioxin-containing
defoliant Agent Orange was used as well, mainly in the South,
Cambodia and Laos. Millions of gallons were sprayed with devastating
human consequences. It's one of the most toxic of known substances,
a potent carcinogenic human immune system suppressant. It accumulates
in adipose tissue and the liver, can alter living cell genetic
structures, cause congenital disorders and birth defects, and
contribute to diseases like cancer and type two diabetes.
These consequences were never considered
nor the effects of expanded spraying to destroy vital food crops
like rice. Also in 1970, US forces conducted Operation Tailwind
using sarin nerve gas in Laos causing many deaths, including civilians.
Admiral Thomas Moorer, former Joint Chiefs Chairman, confirmed
the use on CNN in 1998. Then under Pentagon pressure, CNN retracted
the report, fired its award-winning journalist Peter Arnett and
co-producers April Oliver and Jack Smith because they refused
to disavow it.
The Indochinese war engulfed Cambodia
and Laos as well. From March 1969 through May 1970, Nixon ordered
Cambodia secretly bombed (without consulting Congress) to destroy
North Vietnam and Viet Cong sanctuaries. Around 3500 sorties caused
600,000 deaths, mostly civilians, and helped the marginal Khmer
Rouge rise to power in 1975. Neutral Cambodia was bombed with
over 500,000 tons of ordnance until August 1973. Over 25,000 US
ground forces also invaded. They destroyed dozens of towns, villages
and hamlets, and killed many thousands more, mostly peasants guilty
of living in the wrong country at the wrong time.
A second 1962 Geneva Accord recognized
Laos as a neutral country and banned the presence of foreign military
personnel. The reality on the ground was quite different. From
1964 - 1973, America dropped over two million tons of ordnance
during 580,000 bombing sorties - the equivalent of a planeload
of bombs every eight minutes, round-the-clock for nine years.
The aim was to destroy North Vietnamese supply lines along the
Ho Chi Minh Trail and target the Pathet Lao government and North
Vietnamese Army in control of the country's eastern provinces.
Secret bombings were again the strategy.
Terror weapons were used, including napalm, white phosphorous
and cluster bombs - leaving millions of unexploded bomblets buried
in fields, roads, forests, villages, and rivers. Laos had a population
of about 6.5 million. About one-third of it was either killed,
injured, or displaced. Overall, Southeast Asia's wars killed about
three to four million, inflicted vast amounts of destruction,
and caused incalculable human suffering felt to this day.
Iraq - Since 1991
Four days after Saddam entered Kuwait
(on August 2, 1990), Operation Desert Shield was launched. US-demanded
UN sanctions were imposed. A large American troop deployment began
along with a Kuwait-funded PR campaign to win public support for
Operation Desert Storm. It began on January 17, 1991.
By any standard, it was horrendous and
criminal. Before it ended six weeks later (on February 28), US
forces committed grievous war crime violations of the Hague and
Geneva Conventions, UN Charter, Nuremberg Principles, and US Army
Field Manual 27-10. Among them were gratuitous mass slaughter
and destruction of essential to life facilities, including:
-- power plants;
-- water purification facilities;
-- sewage treatment and disposal systems;
-- telephone and other communications;
-- up to 20,000 homes, apartments and
-- irrigation sites;
-- food processing, storage and distribution
-- hotels and retail establishments;
-- transportation infrastructure;
-- oil wells, pipelines, refineries and
-- chemical plants;
-- factories and other commercial operations;
-- government buildings;
-- historical sites; and
-- civilian shelters in a willful targeting
of innocent men, women and children.
Virtually everything needed for normal
functioning was destroyed or heavily damaged - and more. Tens
of thousands were gratuitously killed, as many as 200,000 or more
by independent estimates.
Twelve years of genocidal sanctions followed
that killed as many as 1.7 million, two-thirds of them children
under age five. From the 2003 "shock and awe" blitzkrieg
through 2007, as many as 1.5 - 2.0 million more lives were lost,
most of them young children. By any standard since 1991, Washington
conducted a 17-year campaign of genocide to slaughter innocent
Iraqis, erase the "cradle of civilization," turn the
country into a free market paradise, and make serfs of its people
- as part of a greater aim for regional and global dominance and
control of world resources and markets.
Human rights and lives are non-starters.
So is the rule of law. War continues to rage. Permanent occupation
is planned. The human tragedy continues with no foreseeable end.
Serbia-Kosovo - 1999
In June 1999, playwright Harold Pinter
told a UK anti-war demonstration that NATO's Yugoslavia bombing
made him ashamed to be British:
"Little did we think two years ago
that we had elected a government which would take a leading role
in what is essentially a criminal act, showing total contempt
for the United Nations and international law." He called
cutting children to pieces from 15,000 feet "barbaric"
and despicably hypocritical.
"Let us face the truth - neither
Clinton nor Blair gives a damn about the Kosovar Albanians. This
action has been yet another blatant and brutal assertion of US
power using NATO as its missile. It set out to consolidate one
thing - American domination of Europe. This must be recognised
and it must be resisted." This barbarism mustn't be allowed
Diana Johnstone explained the conflict
in her superb 2002 book, "Fools' Crusade." Edward Herman
reviewed it and wrote this:
"Military interventions on supposedly
humanitarian grounds have become an established feature of the
post-Cold War global order. Since September 11, this form of militarism
has taken on new and unpredictable proportions." Diana Johnstone
did an admirable job analyzing NATO's intervention. Muslims were
portrayed as "defenseless victims," Serbs as "genocidal
monsters" to prepare the ground for America and NATO to dominate
Herman: Johnstone explained "that
the 'Kosovo war' was in reality the model for future destruction
of countries seen as potential threats to the hegemony of an 'international
community' currently being redefined to exclude or marginalize
all but those who conform to the interests of the United States."
Throughout the 1990s, conflict and civil
wars divided Yugoslavia into separate states culminating with
the US-NATO 1999 bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
- Serbia-Kosovo. From March 24 - June 10, around 600 aircraft
flew about 3000 sorties dropping thousands of tons of ordnance
plus hundreds of ground-launched cruise missiles. To that time,
the ferocity of the attack was unprecedented given the destructiveness
of modern weapons and technology.
Nearly everything was struck causing massive
destruction and disruption: known or suspected military sites
and targets; power plants; factories; transportation; telecommunications
facilities; vital infrastructure including roads, bridges and
rail lines; fuel depots; schools; a TV station; the Chinese Embassy
in Belgrade; hospitals; government offices; churches; historical
landmarks; and more in cities and villages throughout the country.
An estimated $100 billion in damage was
inflicted. A humanitarian disaster resulted. Environmental contamination
was extensive. Large numbers were killed, injured or displaced.
Two million people lost their livelihoods. Many their homes and
communities and for most their futures from what America planned
and implemented jointly with NATO.
Michel Chossudovsky explained earlier
in a February 2008 article that:
"The Balkans constitute the gateway
to Eurasia. The 1999 invasion establishes a permanent US Military
presence (at Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo) in Southern Europe, which
serves the broader US led war. Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq:
these three war theaters were waged on humanitarian grounds. (In
each case, utterly bogus.) Without exception, in all three countries,
US military bases were established" as part of America's
global imperial agenda.
The US, NATO and international community
support the organized crime-connected KLA (Kosovo Liberation Army)
government and its leader Hashim Thaci. Kosovo as it was no longer
exists. Afghanistan and Iraq were next.
Afghanistan - 2001
The 9/11 attack was the pretext for bombing,
invading and occupying Afghanistan, an operation planned months
in advance the way Michel Chossudovsky explained in his superb
book, "America's War on Terrorism." Most people don't
"realize that a large scale theater war is never planned
and executed in a matter of weeks."
The Taliban and bin Laden became fictitious
"outside enem(ies)" without which no "war on terrorism"
could exist or imperial wars fought. Afghanistan was the first
target. It began on October 7, 2001, four weeks after 9/11, and
ended five weeks later on November 12. Once again, conflict ravaged
Afghanistan, a country more abused, long-suffering, and less helped
than most any in living memory, according to John Pilger. Today
it's occupied under a US-installed puppet. Its suffering continues
unabated and may intensify under Obama if he follows through on
his promise to add more troops for a larger combat role.
US imperialism aims to "recoloniz(e)...a
vast region extending from the Balkans into Central Asia"
- the "center of world power," according to Zbigniew
Brzezinski extending from German, Poland and the Balkans in the
East through Russia and China in the Pacific, including the Middle
East and Indian subcontinent. It's an area with 75% of the world's
population, most of its resources and physical wealth, three-fourths
of its oil and gas, and the grandest of grand prizes for whoever
...."America's war machine purports
to enlarge America's economic sphere of influence" - through
its newly established military bases "in Iraq, Afghanistan
(and) in several of the former Soviet republics on China's Western
frontier." The South China Sea as well.
"War and Globalization go hand in hand. Militarization supports
the conquest of new economic frontiers and the worldwide imposition
of free-market" capitalism. Afghanistan became its victim.
Thousands were killed and as many as six million displaced. Most
now have returned but to what - deplorable conditions of no future,
despair, no shelter, work, schools, medical care, clean water,
security, and for many hunger, disease and early deaths.
Like Serbia-Kosovo and Iraq, Afghanistan
is another country terror-bombed to oblivion to impose free-market
capitalism everywhere. Conflicts will continue. World peace is
an illusion, nowhere more than in the Middle East.
Lebanon - 1982 and 2006
Israel and Lebanon have had a troubled
history through no fault of the Lebanese. In 1968, the IDF conducted
cross-border terror raids, including attacking the Beirut airport
and destroying 13 commercial planes, claiming it was in retaliation
for an attack by Lebanese-trained Palestinians targeting an Israeli
airliner in Athens.
Further IDF incursions continued in the
1970s against the PLO, including the "Litani River Operation."
It was launched in March 1978 to establish a southern occupation
zone with Christian South Lebanon Army (SLA) soldiers in place
to secure it once Israeli forces withdrew weeks later.
In June 1982, "Operation Peace of
the Galilee" (called the First Lebanon War) was launched
against the Palestinian leadership. The IDF invaded after claiming
PLO involvement in an assassination attempt on its UK ambassador.
The charge was bogus, yet Israel exploited it to attack and remain
in the country until it withdrew in May 2000.
In the interim, Israeli forces occupied
southern Lebanon, attacked the PLO, drove out the leadership to
Tunis, slaughtered around 18,000 mostly non-combatant Lebanese
and Palestinians, and authorized a Phalange militia force to massacre
about 3000 men, women and children in southern Beirut Sabra and
In June 2006, Palestinians responded to
continued Israeli provocations by striking an IDF military post,
killing two soldiers, injuring several others and capturing a
third. Events escalated when Hezbollah resistance fighters captured
two IDF soldiers who illegally crossed the UN-monitored "blue
line" - a near-daily Israeli routine since it withdrew from
South Lebanon in May 2000.
Israel responded with overwhelming force
by launching "Operation Summer Rain" against Gaza and
invading South Lebanon in what became known as the Second Lebanon
War. It lasted 33 days against Hezbollah, the Lebanese people,
and the entire country, including northern Christian areas.
It was long-planned terror against civilian,
commercial, and infrastructure targets - bridges; roads; power
plants; the three largest cities of Beirut, Tyre and Sidon; Beirut
airport; factories; warehouses; civil defense centers; schools;
radio and TV stations; mosques; churches; hospitals; ambulances;
and anything else in the path of a scorched-earth blitzkrieg killing
over 1300, injuring many more, displacing one million people (or
one-forth of the population), and causing billions of dollars
Both assaults were planned months in advance
and closely coordinated with Washington like always. Terror weapons
were also used, including blanketing entire towns with cluster
bombs. Others reported were:
-- depleted uranium (DU) munitions spreading
-- banned white phosphorous bombs and
shells (known as Willy Pete) that burn flesh to the bone and can't
be extinguished by water; and
-- reportedly a thermobaric bomb able
to penetrate buildings, underground shelters and tunnels, and
able to create blast pressure enough to suck all oxygen from spaces
and human lungs in the vicinity.
Hezbollah prevailed, nonetheless. A post-conflict
analysis showed its commanders were well prepared, and successfully
penetrated Israel's strategic and tactical decision-making cycle,
including its intelligence, military and political operations.
As a result, their fighters held their own, killed over 100 IDF
soldiers, retained their military capability, and effectively
embarrassed the Israeli government - at a very stiff cost to Lebanon
and a million or more of its people.
Gaza - 2008 - 09
For Israel, attacking Palestinians is
a long-standing practice, beginning with its 1948 "War of
Independence." It involved:
-- the wholesale massacre and displacement
of 800,000 Palestinians;
-- destroying their homes, 531 villages
and crops, and their futures;
-- 11 urban neighborhoods in Tel-Aviv,
Haifa, Jerusalem and elsewhere;
-- mass incidents of rape and other atrocities;
-- the myth that Palestinians left voluntarily
to avoid being harmed by invading Arab armies.
The State of Israel was created on 78%
of historic Palestine. Palestinians retained the remainder in
Gaza and the West Bank. On June 5, 1967, Israel launched its so-called
"Six Day War" against Egypt, Jordan and Syria - a long-planned
preemptive act masquerading as self-defense. When it ended, Israel
controlled the remainder of Palestine.
It's now occupied the Territories militarily
for over 41 years - the longest continuous illegal occupation
anywhere under which Palestinians lost all freedom; are collectively
punished; are losing their land; are being cantonized in the West
Bank; and since December, assaulted by Israel's most savage aggression
since the "Six Day War."
"Operation Cast Lead" terror
bombings began on December 27 and have continued daily round the
clock. The death and injury toll exceeds 5000 as of January 12,
the great majority of whom are civilian men, women and children.
Portions of Gaza have been reoccupied. Israel is pursuing genocide.
Gaza is completely sealed off. It's now a free-fire zone on the
ground and from repeated air attacks. Tanks, missiles, bombs,
terror weapons, and the latest technology is matched against crude
rockets, home-made mortars, hand-held automatic weapons, and the
redoubtable spirit of brave Gazan freedom fighters unjustly called
"terrorists." Civilians, including women and children,
are being willfully slaughtered and comprise the vast majority
of killed and wounded.
On January 6, IDF tank shelling killed
42 Palestinians and wounded dozens more taking shelter in an UNRWA
school. False reports claimed "militants" were inside
and fired first. UN officials denied it and provided Israeli authorities
with GPS coordinates (in advance) and left no doubt this was a
school used as temporary shelter for civilians fleeing the fighting.
There were no fighters inside.
On January 9, a disturbing UN Office for
the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) report read as
"From 3 to 7 January, the IDF prevented
medical teams from entering the area to evacuate the wounded.
In one of the gravest incidents....on 4 January Israeli foot-soldiers
(herded about) 110 Palestinian (civilians) into a single-residence
house in Zaytoun (half of whom were children), warning them to
"Twenty-four hours later, Israeli
forces shelled the home repeatedly, killing approximately thirty.
Those who survived and were able, walked two kilometers to Salah
Din road before being transported to the hospital in civilian
On January 9, the UN Relief and Works
Agency (UNWRA) suspended its relief operations after Israel attacked
its convoys and installations. Its statement read:
"On numerous occasions in recent
days, humanitarian convoys have come under Israeli fire even though
their safe passage through clearly designated routes at specifically
agreed times, had been confirmed by the Israeli liaison office....the
nature, severity and frequency of these incidents" necessitated
the suspension of operations.
The International Committee of the Red
Cross faces similar problems. ICRC's Geneva-based operations director,
Pierre Kraehenbuehl, said: "There is no doubt in my mind
that we are dealing with a full-blown and major crisis in humanitarian
UNWRA's Gaza head, John Ging, expressed
similar sentiments and added: "There is nowhere safe in Gaza.
Everyone here is terrorized and traumatized." Israel and
the world community are dismissive, unresponsive, and arrogant.
Mass slaughter and destruction are green-lighted to continue -
international human rights laws be damned.
These and other incidents are grievous
war crimes. Everything and everyone is attacked as the IDF connects
the entire population to Hamas - long targeted since democratically
winning a decisive January 2006 PLC majority. It's been severely
punished ever since. Gaza was politically separated from the West
Bank, and since June 2007 isolated under a medieval siege. It's
now intensified as the Territory is engulfed in war, in a state
of collapse, and a grave humanitarian crisis approaches a calamity
of biblical proportions.
On January 8, the Security Council passed
a toothless resolution. SC Res. 1860:
-- "stresses the urgency of and calls
for an immediate, durable and fully respected ceasefire, leading
to the full withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza;"
-- other provisions call for humanitarian
assistance; "initiatives aimed at creating and opening humanitarian
corridors;" international efforts to alleviate the situation
and "prevent illicit trafficking in arms and ammunition;
intra-Palestinian reconciliation;" support for Egypt's mediation
efforts; the Quartet's "consideration;" and
-- the SC condemns "all violence
and hostilities directed against civilians and all acts of terrorism."
No Israeli condemnation was included;
its wanton targeted slaughter; its international law violations;
its blitzkrieg against men, women and children; its military juggernaut
against vulnerable civilians; the thousands of killed and wounded;
Gazans for 18 months under siege; the calamitous humanitarian
crisis; no firm timelines for attacks to halt; the siege to end;
action threats if they don't; no ordering of immediate border
openings and emergency airdrops until they do; no teeth in a worthless
resolution to let mass slaughter continue with impunity.
No respect either for the UN Charter's
mandate "to save succeeding generations from the scourge
of war, which (dozens of times) in our lifetime (have) brought
untold sorrow to mankind; to reaffirm faith in fundamental human
rights;" respect for justice and international law; "to
promote social progress; practice tolerance; maintain international
peace and security;" and advance the rights of all peoples
Fourteen nations voted aye. One abstained,
Israel ignored it and maintained round-the-clock terror raids.
Prime Minister Olmert called it "unworkable" and his
office said that Israel "has never agreed to let an external
body decide its right to protect the security of its citizens."
Israel disdains the rule of law, has a
long history of ignoring UN resolutions, and believes it can do
anything it pleases, law or no law.
World and Arab leaders don't object and
remain largely dismissive as casualties keep mounting. Israel
is strangling Gaza. Foreign journalists can't enter in violation
of an Israeli Supreme Court ruling.
On January 6, editor Ramzy Baroud reported
that his PalestineChronicle.com site was "hacked today by
an Israeli group (called) "Blue Dolphin." It's because
of his important work providing vital information about the conflict
and Occupied Palestine. Israel and Washington ruthlessly suppress
truths. After a heroic effort, Baroud was again operating in less
than 24 hours.
Gazan Sameh Habeeb is a heroic blogger
despite threats on his life. On January 8 he wrote:
"I got three calls from anonymous
persons (saying) stop blogging or I would be killed. Yet I would
keep on this track. Some of you do wonder how I send news in such
conditions. I really suffer a lot to send you this update due
to a lack of power (with) shells rain(ing) down and drones hover(ing)
over me. I will keep this up."
Not if Washington can help it. By supplying
Israel with weapons, munitions and defense technology, it violates
the 1976 Arms Export Control Act. It requires recipient governments
to restrict their use to legitimate defense. Israel uses them
for aggressive wars and its illegal occupation. Exports are prohibited
to countries that "contribute to an arms race, aid in the
development of weapons of mass destruction, support international
terrorism, increase the possibility of outbreak or escalation
of conflict, or prejudice the development of bilateral or multilateral
arms control or nonproliferation agreements or other arrangements."
The 1994 Human Rights and Security Assistance
Act affirms "human rights as principal goal of foreign policy."
It also states that "no security assistance may be provided
to any country the government of which engages in a consistent
pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human
rights." Israel has been a serial violator for six decades,
yet receives more aid than all other countries combined and uses
it for aggressive wars, military oppression, colonial expansion,
and grievous human rights violations.
On January 6 (in complicity with Israel
and Washington), Haaretz reported that Egypt is barring doctors
(except for two Norweigians) from entering through Sinai to provide
help. Mubarack's "closure (is) seen by some as abetting Israel's
siege" and partnering in its war crimes. Obstetrician Jemilah
Mahmood expressed her frustration: "Can you imagine how many
women are hurt and how few doctors there are? All of us are sitting
at the border" and can't get in to help.
Reports are that Gaza hospitals are in
chaos - with little power, few supplies, a patient overload, and
air and ground assaults all around. Nonetheless, doctors work
day and night to save lives, yet often they fail. Hundreds of
patients are clinically dead with no hope of saving them. The
toll keeps mounting. The frustration is unbearable, and at Shifa
Hospital 90% of the patients are civilians, many with the ghastliest
Disturbing reports claim Israeli use of
terror weapons. Tehran Press TV said medics found DU traces in
wounded Gazans following the ground invasion. The TimesOnline.UK
headlined: "Israel rains fire on Gaza with phosphorous shells"
- a weapon that causes horrific burns on human skin and is illegal
except for smokescreens. "Tell-tale shells could be seen
spreading tentacles of thick white smoke to cover the troops'
advance. (They) blind the enemy (but) anyone caught beneath them"
gets severely burned. Using this type weapon in tightly concentrated
Gaza assures some or perhaps many are vulnerable.
Former British major and military expert
calls white phosphorous a terror weapon and if "deliberately
fired at a crowd of people (should) end (someone) up in the Hague."
Norwegian Dr. Mads Gilbert is a member
of its Gaza triage medical team. He told Press TV about "clear
evidence that the Israelis are using new type very high explosive
weapons called Dense Inert Metal Explosive (DIME) that are made
out of a tungsten alloy."
They have enormous explosive power, and "humans who are hit
by (them are) cut to pieces. (They were) first used in Lebanon
(and Gaza) in 2006....On the long term, these weapons will have
a cancer effect on those who survive....So they kill and those
who survive risk having cancer."
Gilbert accused Israel of violating international
law. His account was horrifying;
-- a "ten-year old boy (with) his
whole chest filled with (bomb) fragments;
-- on his lap was another person's leg
that had been cut off;
-- we resuscitated him and did everything
we could do to save his life but he died between our hands."
The "common people" of Palestine "are paying the
price for the Israeli bombardments...."
The humanitarian crisis is horrific; 80%
or more of Gazans are impoverished; half of them are under 15;
"now they don't have food....electricity; it's cold, they
don't have warmth and in addition...they are killed; this must
"Almost all of the patients we have
received have these severe amputations." Terror weapons caused
them - burns, fragment injuries and most with their limbs cut
These are horrific crimes of war and against
humanity against 1.5 million Gazans. Global mass outrage keeps
protesting. World leaders are dismissive and unconcerned. Washington
spurns efforts to stop the carnage. Israel is free to continue
terror bombing from the air and use ground assaults against innocent
civilians called "terrorists."
Israeli Radio reported Monday morning
(January 12) that the IDF intensified its operation to a "third
stage" and pushed deeper into more Gaza areas. More reserve
units have been activated. Heavy bombing and shelling continues.
White phosphorous incendiaries are being used on civilian neighborhoods
and the Jebaliya refugee camp. White smoke and fires are seen.
Severe burns are being reported.
One leader expressed outrage against Israel's
"holocaust. Genocidal" he called it. On January 7, the
BBC reported that "Venezuela ordered the expulsion of the
Israeli ambassador (Shlomo Cohen) to Caracas (and a number of
diplomatic staff with him) in protest at Israel's offensive in"
Chavez strongly condemned Israel and called
the IDF "cowardly" (for) attacking worn-out, innocent
people, while they claim that they are defending their people....I
call on the world to stop this madness....The president of Israel....should
be taken to the International Criminal Court together with the
president of the United States." Venezuela's foreign ministry
said Israel's campaign constituted "flagrant violations of
international law (and amounted to) state terrorism." Ecuador's
Raphael Correa and Cuba's government sent similar messages. Other
world leaders stay silent. World outrage keeps raging in spite
Remember Gaza - immortalized as one of
history's terror-bombing victims. World outrage demands an end
to this and the prosecution of its perpetrators. We stand together
in solidarity. Today we're all Gazans. We're all Palestinians.
Stephen Lendman is a Research Associate
of the Centre for Research on Globalization. He lives in Chicago
and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.