No Paper Trail Left Behind: The Theft of the 2004 Presidential Election

by Dennis Loo, Ph.D

from the book

Censored 2006

by Peter Phillips and Project Censored

Seven Stories Press, 2006, paper

Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass

Alice laughed: "There's no use trying, "she said; "one can't believe impossible things." "I daresay you haven't had much practice," said the Queen. "When I was younger, I always did it for half an hour a day. Why, sometimes I've believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast."


In order to believe that George Bush won the November 2, 2004 presidential election, you must also believe all of the following extremely improbable or outright impossible things.

1. A big turnout and a highly energized and motivated electorate favored the GOP instead of the Democrats for the first time in history.

2. Even though first-time voters, lapsed voters (people who didn't vote in 2000), and undecideds went for John Kerry by big margins, and Bush lost people who voted for him in the cliffhanger 2000 election, Bush still received a 3.5 million vote surplus nationally.

3. The fact that Bush far exceeded the 85 percent of registered Florida Republicans' votes that he got in 2000, receiving in 2004 more than 100 percent of the registered Republican votes in 47 out of 67 Florida counties, 200 percent of registered Republicans in 15 counties, and over 300 percent of registered Republicans in 4 counties merely shows Floridians' enthusiasm for Bush. Somehow he managed to do this despite the fact that his share of the cross-over votes by registered Democrats in Florida did not increase over 2000 and he lost ground among registered Independents, dropping 15 points.

4. Florida's reporting of more presidential votes (7.59 million) than the actual number of people who voted (7.35 million), a surplus of 237,522 votes, does not indicate fraud.

5. The fact that a number of predominately Republican Ohio precincts recorded more votes than there were registered voters while many heavily Democratic strongholds reported less than 10 percent participation rates does not indicate a rigged election.

6. Bush won re-election despite approval ratings below 50 percent - the first time in history this has happened. Truman has been cited as having also done this, but Truman's polling numbers were trailing so much behind his challenger, Thomas Dewey, pollsters stopped surveying two months before the 1948 elections, thus missing the late surge of support for Truman. Unlike Truman, Bush's support was clearly eroding on the eve of the election.

7. Harris' last-minute polling indicating a Kerry victory was wrong (even though Harris was exactly on the mark in their 2000 election final poll).

8. The "challenger rule"-an incumbent's final results won't be better than his final polling-was wrong.

9. On election day the early-day voters picked up by early exit polls (showing Kerry with a wide lead) were heavily Democratic instead of the traditional pattern of early voters being heavily Republican.

10. Bush "won" Ohio by 51-48 percent, but this was not matched by the court-supervised hand count of the 147,400 absentee and provisional ballots in which Kerry received 54.46 percent of the vote.

11. Florida computer programmer Clinton Curtis (a life-long registered Republican) must be lying when he said in a sworn affidavit that his employers at Yang Enterprises, Inc. (YET) and Tom Feeney (general counsel and lobbyist for YET, GOP state legislator and Jeb Bush's 1994 running mate for Florida Lt. Governor) asked him in 2000 to create a computer program to undetectably alter vote totals. Curtis, under the initial impression that he was creating this software in order to forestall possible fraud, handed over the program to his employer Mrs. Li Woan Yang, and was told: "You don't understand, in order to get the contract we have to hide the manipulation in the source code. This program is needed to control the vote in south Florida."

12. Diebold CEO Walden O'Dell's declaration in a August 14, 2003 letter to GOP fundraisers that he was "committed to helping Ohio to deliver its electoral votes to the president next year" and the fact that Diebold is one of the three major suppliers of the electronic voting machines in Ohio and nationally, didn't result in any fraud by Diebold.

13. There was no fraud in Cuyahoga County, Ohio where the number of recorded votes was more than 93,000 larger than the number of registered voters and where they admitted counting the votes in secret before bringing them out in public to count.

14. CNN reported at 9 p.m. EST on election evening that Kerry was leading by 3 points in the national exit polls based on well over 13,000 respondents. Several hours later at 1:36 a.m. CNN reported that the exit polls, now based on a few hundred more-13,531 respondents were showing Bush leading by 2 points, a 5-point swing. In other words, a swing of 5 percentage points from a tiny increase in the number of respondents somehow occurred despite it being mathematically impossible."

15. Exit polls in the November 2004 Ukrainian presidential elections, paid for in part by the Bush Administration, were right, but exit polls in the U.S., where exit polling was invented, were very wrong.

16. The National Election Pool's exit polls'3 were so far off that since their inception twenty years ago, they have never been this wrong, more wrong than statistical probability indicates is possible.

17. In every single instance where exit polls were wrong the discrepancy favored Bush, never Kerry, even though statistical probability tells us that any survey errors should show up in both directions. Half a century of polling and centuries of mathematics must be wrong.

18. It must be merely a stunning coincidence that exit polls were wrong only in precincts where there was no paper ballot to check against the electronic totals and right everywhere there was a paper trail.

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