Disease Risks and Precautions
in the Middle East
provided below is for informational purposes only.
It may not be current, and it should not be considered definitive.
should check the Center for Disease Control (CDC) website
for the most current disease risk and disease prevention information.
COUNTRIES IN REGION
Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan,
Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic,
Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
The preventive measures you need to take
while traveling in the Middle East depend on the areas you visit
and the length of time you stay. You should observe the precautions
listed in this document in most areas of this region. However,
in highly developed areas of Israel, you should observe health
precautions similar to those that would apply while traveling
in the United States.
Travelers' diarrhea, the number one illness
in travelers, can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites,
which can contaminate food or water. Infections may cause diarrhea
and vomiting (E. coli, Salmonella, cholera, and parasites), fever
(typhoid fever and toxoplasmosis), or liver damage (hepatitis).
Make sure your food and drinking water are safe.
Malaria is a preventable infection that
can be fatal if left untreated. Prevent infection by taking prescription
antimalarial drugs and protecting yourself against mosquito bites
(see below). A low risk for malaria exists in parts of Iran, Iraq,
Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, United Arab
Emirates, and Yemen. Travelers to rural Iran and all areas of
Oman should take mefloquine for malaria prevention; travelers
to other risk areas should take chloroquine. For specific locations,
see Malaria Information for Travelers to the Middle East.
A certificate of yellow fever vaccination
may be required for entry into certain of these countries, but
only if you are coming from a country in tropical South America
or sub-Saharan Africa. (There is no risk for yellow fever in the
Middle East.) For detailed information, see Comprehensive Yellow
Fever Vaccination Requirements.
INSECT TRANSMITTED DISEASES
Dengue, filariasis, leishmaniasis, onchocerciasis,
and plague are diseases carried by insects that also occur in
this region. Protecting yourself against insect bites will help
to prevent these diseases.
CDC Recommends the Following Vaccines
(as Appropriate for Age):
See your doctor at least 46 weeks
before your trip to allow time for shots to take effect.
Hepatitis A or immune globulin (IG). Hepatitis
B, if you might be exposed to blood (for example, health-care
workers), have sexual contact with the local population, stay
longer than 6 months, or be exposed through medical treatment.
Meningococcal vaccine is required for pilgrims to Mecca for the
annual Hajj. However, CDC currently recommends the vaccine for
all travelers to Mecca, including those traveling for the Umra.
(For more information, please see Meningococcal Disease Among
Travelers to Saudi Arabia.) Rabies, if you might be exposed to
wild or domestic animals through your work or recreation. Typhoid,
particularly if you are visiting developing countries in this
region. As needed, booster doses for tetanus-diphtheria and measles,
and a one-time dose of polio for adults. Hepatitis B vaccine is
now recommended for all infants and for children ages 1112
years who have not completed the series.
Disease risks and precautions