Reviewing Michel Chossudovsky's
"America's 'War on Terrorism'"
by Stephen Lendman, Global Research
Chossudovsky is a noted academic, author,
activist and relentless researcher concentrating on America's
imperial crusade to control planet earth for its markets, resources
and cheap exploitable labor. He's a Canadian economist by profession
having taught at the University of Ottawa as well as at academic
institutions in Western Europe, Latin America and Southeast Asia.
In addition, he's been an economic adviser to developing countries'
governments and a consultant for many international organizations,
including the UN Development Programme (UNDP), UN Economic Commission
for Latin America and the Caribbean, International Labour Organization
(ILO), and World Health Organization (WHO). He's also the director
of the Centre for Research on Globalization and editor of its
web site, Global Research.ca.
"America's 'War on Terrorism'"
- An Overview
Chossudovsky's book is a greatly expanded
version of his 2002 book titled, "War and Globalization:
The Truth behind September 11." The current newly titled
2005 edition (post-9/11 and the 2003 Iraq invasion and occupation)
includes 12 new chapters with those in the original edition updated.
The author states the book's purpose is "to refute the official
narrative and reveal - using detailed evidence and documentation
(not speculation based on opinion alone)" - the true nature
of America's "war on terrorism," that's as relevant
now as when the book was first published.
Chossudovsky calls it a complete fabrication
"based on the illusion that one man, Osama bin Laden (from
a cave in Afghanistan and hospital bed in Pakistan) outwitted
the $40 billion-a-year American intelligence apparatus."
He calls it, instead, what, in fact, it is - a pretext for permanent
"New World Order" wars of conquest serving the interests
of Wall Street and the financial community, the US military-industrial
complex, Big Oil, and all other corporate interests profiting
hugely from a massive scheme harming the public interest, in the
name of protecting it, and potentially all humanity unless it's
stopped in time.
On the morning of 9/11, the Bush administration
didn't miss a beat telling the world Al Qaeda attacked the World
Trade Center (WTC) and Pentagon meaning Osama bin Laden was the
main culprit - case closed without even the benefit of a forensic
and intelligence analysis piecing together all potential helpful
information. There was no need to because, as Chossudovsky explained,
"That same (9/11) evening at 9:30 pm, a 'War Cabinet' was
formed integrated by a select number of top intelligence and military
advisors. At 11:00PM, at the end of that historic (White House)
meeting, the 'War on Terrorism' was officially launched,"
and the rest is history.
Chossudovsky continued "The decision
was announced (straightaway) to wage war against the Taliban and
Al Qaeda in retribution for the 9/11 attacks" with news headlines
the next day asserting, with certainty, "state sponsorship"
responsibility for the attacks connected to them. The dominant
media, in lockstep, called for military retaliation against Afghanistan
even though no evidence proved the Taliban government responsible,
because, in fact, it was not and we knew it.
Four weeks later on October 7, a long-planned
war of illegal aggression began, Afghanistan was bombed and then
invaded by US forces working in partnership with their new allies
- the United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan or
so-called Northern Alliance "warlords." Their earlier
repressive rule was so extreme, it gave rise to the Taliban in
the first place and has now made them resurgent.
Chossudovsky further explained that the
public doesn't "realize that a large scale theater war is
never planned and executed in a matter of weeks." This one,
like all others, was months in the making needing only what former
CentCom Commander General Tommy Franks called a "terrorist,
massive, casualty-producing event" to arouse enough public
anger for the Bush administration to launch it after declaring
their "war on terrorism." Chossudovsky, through thorough
and exhausting research, exposed it as a fraud.
He's been on top of the story ever since
uncovering the "myth of an 'outside enemy' and the threat
of 'Islamic terrorists' (that became) the cornerstone (and core
justification) of the Bush administration's military doctrine."
It allowed Washington to wage permanent aggressive wars beginning
with Afghanistan and Iraq, to ignore international law, and to
"repeal civil liberties and constitutional government"
through repression laws like the Patriot and Military Commissions
Acts. A key objective throughout has, and continues to be, Washington's
quest to control the world's energy supplies, primarily oil, starting
in the Middle East where two-thirds of known reserves are located.
Toward that end, the Bush administration
created a fictitious "outside enemy" threat without
which no "war on terrorism" could exist, and no foreign
wars could be waged. Chossudovsky exposed the linchpin of the
whole scheme. He uncovered evidence that Al Queda "was a
creation of the CIA going back to the Soviet-Afghan war"
era, and that in the 1990s Washington "consciously supported
Osama bin Laden, while at the same time placing him on the FBI's
'most wanted list' as the World's foremost terrorist." He
explained that the CIA (since the 1980s and earlier) actively
supports international terrorism covertly, and that on September
10, 2001 "Enemy Number One" bin Laden was in a Rawalpindi,
Pakistan military hospital confirmed on CBS News by Dan Rather.
He easily could have been arrested but wasn't because we had a
"better purpose" in mind for "America's best known
fugitive (to) give a (public) face to the 'war on terrorism' "
that meant keeping bin Laden free to play the role. If he didn't
exist, we'd have had to invent him, but that could have been arranged
The Bush administration's national security
doctrine needs enemies, the way all empires on the march do. Today
"Enemy Number One" rests on the fiction of bin Laden-led
Islamic terrorists threatening the survival of western civilization.
In fact, however, Washington uses Islamic organizations like Islamic
Jihad as a "key instrument of US military-intelligence operations
in the Balkans and the former Soviet Union" while, at the
same time, blaming them for the 9/11 attacks calling them "a
threat to America."
"America's War on Terrorism"
The book is in four parts, each discussed
enough below to convey the essence and flavor of the heavily documented
power-packed amount of information in the volume's 365 pages -
a healthy serving for each day of the year.
Part I - September 11
September 11, 2001 is a day that will
live in infamy, but not for how official accounts portray it.
It wasn't the first September 11 of note and may not be the last.
Chileans remember theirs in 1973 when General Augusto Pinochet,
aided by CIA, Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger, ousted and murdered
democratically elected President Salvador Allende by military
coup d'etat. It ended the most vibrant democracy in the Americas
ushering in a 16 year fascist reign of terror Chileans are still
healing from 18 years later. Now it's our turn with Bush administration
officials using the myth of an "outside enemy" to hide
the real threat we face from within from real enemies in our own
government. They're waging war on the world, destroying our civil
liberties, and shredding our social state paying for it.
It began long before 9/11, but that day
plans became policy, then hardened, expanded and now threatening
all humanity. Chossudovsky spells in out stating straightaway
"The world is at the crossroads of the most serious crisis
in modern history (having) embarked upon a military adventure"
threatening everyone unless exposed and stopped.
He begins with vital heavily documented
background information about 9/11 already covered above. It explained
we needed cover for our "war on terrorism." Osama bin
Laden and Al Qaeda provided it as "Enemy Number One"
and his network, hiding the fact he and thousands of Mujahideen
fighters were recruited for the largest ever CIA operation in
the 1980s. They were organized, financed and sent to "destabili(ze)
the pro-Soviet government in Afghanistan, but (more importantly)
destroy...the Soviet Union." CIA's Milton Beardman once explained
"If Osama bin Laden did not exist, it would be necessary
to invent him."
In fact, we did, using Pakistan's Military
Intelligence ISI as intermediary, so bin Laden and Mujahideen
fighters weren't aware who their real paymaster was or why they
were recruited. ISI played a crucial role for Washington in the
1980s. Then, from the end of the Cold War to the present, it's
been "the launch pad for CIA covert operations in the Caucasus,
Central Asia and the Balkans" turning Bosnia into a "militant
Islamic base" and later Kosovo with help from NATO and Washington.
This isn't speculation. It's fact. The ISI-Osama-Al Queda-Taliban
nexus is a matter of public record, but the "American people
have been consciously and deliberately deceived (about it) by
They have no knowledge the Taliban gained
power in 1996 the same covert way - helped by US military aid
funneled through Pakistan's ISI. Jane's Defense Weekly confirmed
"half of Taliban manpower and equipment originate(d) in Pakistan
under the ISI." Just like today, our hidden agenda was "oil"
with Taliban officials "whisked off to Houston" to meet
with US oil company giant, Unocal, "regarding the construction
of the strategic trans-Afghan pipeline." Afghanistan is strategically
located "at the hub of five nuclear powers: Russia, China,
India, Pakistan and Kazakhstan." It also borders Russia,
China and Iran. It's why Washington wants a permanent military
presence in the country run by a puppet client government masquerading
as a democratically elected one, and why we're at war so that
status won't ever change.
Chossudovsky explains behind the scenes,
"military planners in the State Department, the Pentagon
and the CIA call the shots on foreign policy." They're in
league with NATO, the IMF, World Bank and World Trade Organization
(all US-dominated organizations). The real powers controlling
everything are "the global banks and financial institutions,
the military-industrial complex, the oil and energy giants, the
biotech and pharmaceutical conglomerates," other corporate
giants and the dominant media, or de facto ministry of state information
and propaganda, disseminating deception while suppressing the
The result is catastrophic. The rule of
law has been suspended, the Republic hangs by a thread, and "the
foundations of an authoritarian state apparatus have emerged"
that, in an emergency, could become as harsh as in Nazi Germany
or Soviet Russia at its worst under Stalin. It's no understatement.
Its early disturbing signs are already present and recognized.
The entire scheme is based on the myth
of an "Islamic Jihad" being a "threat to America"
when, in fact, the CIA and the US intelligence community have
close ties to the "Islamic Militant Network." The CIA
even admits bin Laden was an "intelligent asset" (as
distinct from an "agent") during the Cold War, but that
information's long gone down "the memory hole" and forgotten.
He was used by four presidents beginning with Ronald Reagan, then
GHW Bush, Bill Clinton, and now GW Bush writ large today as "Enemy
Number One" in the phony "war on terrorism."
Part II - War and Globalization
Washington's "hidden agenda"
involves waging preventive wars to "extend...the global market
system (and) open...up new 'economic frontiers' for US corporate
capital....in close liaison with Britain." US-British ties
in areas of banking, oil and defense industries drive our joint
military operations in the Middle East, Central Asia and most
anywhere else from this marriage wreaking hell on earth wherever
"America's New War" post-9/11
was "in the 'pipeline' for at least three years prior to....September
11." Beginning with the Clinton administration's illegal
war of aggression against Yugoslavia, NATO was enlarged to include
Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic. Inclusion of former Soviet
satellites took aim directly at Yugoslavia as the West's next
target with Russia designated a future one. With that in mind,
GUUAM was formed in 1999 comprised of four post-Soviet Commonwealth
of Independent States (CIS) - Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and
Moldova. It's a Western financed regional military alliance, under
US-controlled NATO, "strategically at the hub of the Caspian
oil and gas wealth with Moldova and Ukraine offering (pipeline)
export routes to the West." A key immediate aim of this alliance
is to fracture CIS, exclude Russia from Caspian resources Washington
wants to control, and politically isolate Moscow combined in one
"Militarization of the Eurasian Corridor"
was the plan to do it with Congress adopting the Silk Road Strategy
Act (SRS) in March, 1999. It was a framework to develop "America's
business empire along an extensive geographical corridor"
as well as undermine and destabilize Russia, China and Iran. It
was also planned as a first step toward incorporating all former
Soviet republics into "America's business empire" and
sphere of influence, further isolating Russia and China. The area
involved is vast, extending from the Black Sea to the Chinese
border in a strategically vital part of the world rich in energy
resources a new "Great Game" is being waged for.
As already explained, Afghanistan lies
"at the strategic crossroads of the Eurasian oil pipeline
and transport routes." Under US control, it's part of making
SRS work that requires the "militarization of the Eurasian
corridor (for) control over extensive oil and gas reserves (and
for protecting) pipeline routes (planned by) Anglo-American oil
companies" like BP-Amoco and others.
SRS also aims to prevent "former
Soviet republics from developing economic, political and defense
ties with China, Iran, Turkey and Iraq (and to) cut the Russians
off altogether from the Caspian oil and gas fields." What's
planned is a number of pipeline routes (transiting west, south
and east) from the Caspian through countries controlled by the
Western military alliance. The whole scheme aims to benefit the
US-Anglo alliance, cut off Russia, China and Iran, and "weaken
competing European oil interests in the Transcaucasus and Central
When George Bush took office, negotiations
with the Taliban were resumed on behalf of Unocal, after the Clinton
administration first tried and then broke them off in 1999. The
talks failed a few months before 9/11 leading to the Afghan war
a scant four weeks later on October 7. It ended after five weeks
on November 12 when the Taliban fled Kabul allowing US-recruited
and financed Northern Alliance forces to enter the city the next
Life in Afghanistan's been surreal ever
since. In parts of Kabul, an opulent elite emerged grown rich
from rampant corruption and drugs trafficking discussed further
below. This opulent Potemkin facade hides the harsh, dangerous,
desperate conditions for the vast majority of 26 million Afghans
made worse by a US-led war and occupation allowing Northern Alliance
warlords back in power. It reinstated their repressive rule that
helped bring Taliban to power in the first place over two-thirds
of the country including the capital, Kabul. Today it's de jeva
vu all over again with Afghans fed up with occupation and Northern
Alliance brutality. That's allowed Taliban forces to capitalize
on the turmoil and reemerge reclaiming most Southern parts of
the country. It's why war rages on with no resolution in site
and likely will be as unwinnable as the lost cause in Iraq already
acknowledged in US high circles.
The Taliban was ousted in 2001 for various
reasons. Among them was its near-eradication of opium production
now flourishing again under Northern Alliance-occupation forces
rule. Drugs trafficking is big business writ large with Chossudovsky
explaining it's "the third biggest global commodity in cash
terms after oil and the arms trade" annually grossing up
to $500 billion according to a UN estimate. That's more than double
the revenue generated by legal prescription drugs Big Pharma reported
A well-hidden Afghan war objective was
reinstating opium production that was achieved writ large post-2001.
UN anti-drug chief, Antonio Maria Costa, said it was at a record
6100 tons in 2006 (enough for 610 tons of heroin) or 92% of total
world supply and 30% more than the amount consumed globally.
Chossudovsky explained narcotics are a
major source of wealth, not just for organized crime, but also
for the "US intelligence apparatus" representing powerful
"spheres of finance and banking." Intelligence agencies
and legal business syndicates are allied with criminal enterprises
blurring the lines between them, at times indistinguishable. Included
are Western international and other banks and their offshore affiliates
in tax havens. Multi-billions from illicit drugs trafficking pour
into them making this revenue source a huge profit center. None
of this is secret, but it remains unreported below the radar.
So is how the money is laundered and recycled into legal enterprises
in real estate, manufacturing, other businesses as well as used
for transactions in stocks, bonds, and other speculative investments.
It's also well documented that CIA trafficked
in drugs (directly or indirectly) throughout its 60 year existence
and especially since the 1980s when it used cocaine revenues funding
the Contra wars in Nicaragua. Today, CIA is partnered with Afghan
"warlords" and criminal syndicates in the huge business
of heroin trafficking. Along with its other illicit drug dealings,
it guarantees the intelligence agency billions in revenue supplementing
its annual budget Mary Margaret Graham, Deputy Director of National
Intelligence for Collection, disclosed at $44 billion in 2005.
This year it's likely higher with rogue
operations ongoing almost anywhere and CIA able to get whatever
it wants just for the asking. This is how a rogue agency operates
Chalmers Johnson calls a global Mafia-style hit squad in his new
book, "Nemesis." It's a "personal, secret, unaccountable
army of the president" with mischievous covert illegal operations
its main function. They include overthrowing democratically elected
governments, assassinating foreign heads of state and key officials,
recruiting and training secret paramilitary armies, propping up
friendly dictators, and snatching targeted individuals for "extraordinary
rendition" to secret torture-prison hellholes from which
they may never emerge.
Under George Bush, CIA is more active
than ever with double the number of covert operatives. Johnson
explains "CIA's bag of dirty tricks....is a defining characteristic
of the imperial presidency. It is a source of unchecked power"
gravely threatening the nation and shortening the life of the
Republic and democratic rule he believes won't survive unless
the agency is disbanded.
Along with CIA and Homeland Security,
Chossudovsky highlights "America's War Machine" and
the major buildup in it begun after 1999. The aim: "to achieve
(an unchallengeable) position of global military hegemony....through
the largest military buildup since the Vietnam war" with
large annual increases planned in future years and no end to this
in sight. For FY 2006, the Pentagon's reported budget was $499.4
billion (excluding multi-billions off-the-book for Iraq and Afghanistan).
For fiscal 2007, it increased to over $583 billion.
Astonishingly, Senior Fellow at The Independent
Institute, Robert Higgs, says high numbers mask the total annual
amount spent on defense in all forms, at home and abroad, that's
almost double the budgeted amounts. For FY 2006, his total is
$934.9 billion broken down as follows in billions:
-- Department of Defense: $499.4.
-- Department of Energy: $16.6
-- Department of State: $25.3
-- Department of Veterans Affairs: $69.8
-- Department of Homeland Security: $69.1
-- Department of Justice (one-third of
-- Department of the Treasury (for Military
Retirement Fund: $38.5.
-- NASA: $7.6
-- Net interest attributable to past debt-financed
defense outlays: $206.7.
Using published budgeted numbers alone,
the US now spends more on its military than the rest of the world
combined. In 2005, China spent around $30 billion, today it's
surely higher but even if $50 billion it's around 8.6% of our
FY 2007 defense budget and about 5% of it with all other expenditures
Higgs includes. Hyping China's threat to the US, however, Department
of Defense (DOD) claimed Beijing spent $65 billion in 2005, $90
billion in 2006 and $120 budgeted for 2007.
Note, Higgs US defense spending numbers
exclude secret budgets for CIA, NSA, and other off-the-books intelligence
operations. It also excludes smaller budgets for the Selective
Service System, the National Defense Stockpile Center, and the
Treasury's program blocking financial flows to "terrorists."
Nonetheless, in total, the numbers are huge, growing, and already
out-of-control with Higgs estimating FY 2007 numbers an astonishing
What is it buying us and at what cost?
Chossudovsky explains it's for plenty including refurbishing our
nuclear arsenal with the latest technology targeting Russia and
China. There's also a new generation of "tactical nuclear
weapons" or so-called "mini-nukes" including "bunker
buster" earth penetrating bombs targeting underground facilities.
They're designed to explode deep below ground destroying their
targets while containing toxic radioactive fallout. It's already
known the latter objective fails based on observed tests so far.
The information, however, is suppressed and won't deter the Pentagon
from using these weapons even knowing they spread harmful radiation.
Billions are also being spent developing
advanced weapons systems including the hugely expensive F22 Raptor
fighter plane, Joint Fighter (JF) program and controversial Strategic
Defense Initiative "National Missile Defense Shield"
intended for offense, not defense. It's now caused a public row
with Russia over its planned deployment in Eastern European states
close enough to raise justifiable alarm in the Kremlin. Then there's
the ultimate imperial project in space under the doctrine of "Full
Spectrum Dominance" assuring land, sea, air and space supremacy.
It's outlined in the 1998 US Space Command document titled "Vision
for 2020" with the cost to achieve this likely to run into
trillions of dollars.
Even worse is the danger post-9/11 since
the Bush administration scrapped the notion of "nuclear deterrence."
A secret report leaked to the Los Angeles Times state three conditions
under which nuclear weapons may be used henceforth:
-- "against targets able to withstand
-- in retaliation for attack with nuclear,
biological or chemical weapons; or
-- in the event of surprising military
developments" meaning anything the administration or Pentagon
cook up as justification.
The administration cites "rogue states"
as potential targets, but clearly new policy has Russia, China
and Iran in mind and maybe North Korea.
China and Russia aren't ignoring the threat
adding to the arms race along with other countries, like Iran,
fearful of a US attack. In 2000, Russian President Vladimir Putin
signed into law a new "National Security Doctrine" marking
"a critical shift in East-West relations." It's further
intensified today with Interfax recently reporting Putin saying
Washington is turning Europe into a "powder keg" referring
to it's missile shield deployment plans.
Putin also used harsh rhetoric ahead of
the June G-8 summit accusing the Bush administration of imperialism
and starting a new arms race. At a lengthy well-attended news
conference, he had plenty to say that was suppressed in the West
because of his candor. He voiced the concern of many in the Kremlim
that Washington is targeting Russia by surrounding it with military
bases, installing missiles on its borders, and allying with CIS
states to isolate the country in preparation for regime change.
He emphasized Russia didn't start confrontation
and isn't threatening to attack anyone. However, the nation is
preparing for the worst and in late May test-fired a sophisticated
new intercontinental ballistic missile with multiple warheads
and new cruise missiles Russian generals claim will assure the
country's security for the next 40 years. With Washington intent
on destabilizing their country, Russia isn't ignoring the threat
and will act responsibly to defend itself. That includes targeting
US and European sites with "ballistic missiles, cruise missiles
or some completely new systems" according to Putin. Earlier,
Russia also confirmed it wouldn't exclude "a first-strike
use" of nuclear warheads "if attacked even by purely
conventional means," having only one country in mind as a
potential aggressor - the US.
Former Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev,
also aimed sharp comments against Washington and Britain for its
support in an early June BBC interview. He said Russia is trying
to be constructive, but America is squeezing them out of global
diplomacy (and is responsible) for the current state of relations
between his country and the West. He also said the Iraq War undermined
Tony Blair's credibility and accused America of "empire-building."
He added Blair has "himself in the embrace of a military
monster (and lost) his credibility in the world and in Europe."
Chossudovsky further deconstructs Washington's
agenda post-9/11 saying "the world is at an important crossroads
in its history." The US "campaign against terrorism"
is a "war of conquest" for empire, threatening future
humanity with devastating consequences. "America's New War"
isn't confined to the Middle East and Central Asia. It's aimed
everywhere by militarizing "vast regions of the world, leading
to the consolidation of what is best described as the "American
Empire." The "war on terrorism" is cover to "re-colonize
not only China (and) the former Soviet bloc, but also Iran, Iraq
and the Indian (subcontinent)." Chossudovsky stresses "war
and globalization" are bedfellows umbilically linked. They
benefit Wall Street and the banking community, Big Anglo-American
Oil, US-UK defense contractors and other corporate giants backing
this process to extend "the frontiers of the global market
system" giving them total control everywhere.
The dominant media claim "free trade"
and "free market" reforms will bring the benefits of
western civilization to everyone. Unmentioned is how it's being
done - through imperial wars of conquest as the method of choice,
bringing with them massive death and destruction, extreme exploitation,
devastating poverty, totalitarian control, and, in Iraq, the end
of the "Cradle of Civilization" dating back thousands
of years. Washington's rampaging military juggernaut turned a
modern prosperous nation into a surreal lawless armed wasteland
with few essential services like electricity, clean water, medical
care, fuel and most everything else needed for sustenance and
survival including safe streets, homes, schools and all public
places. It also contaminated vast areas of Iraq with deadly depleted
uranium and other hazardous chemicals and pollutants making the
country the most toxic environment on earth and unsafe to live
So much for the benefits of Western civilization
and "free market" reforms. They champion deregulation
and privatizing everything to steal a country's wealth for corporate
predators, taking it from the people it belongs to. They get nothing
back but misery and persecution if they complain. This is democracy
American-style that's all illusion and no reality, and it's coming
soon to a neighborhood near you unless resisted and stopped.
Chossudovsky also deconstructs the language
as Orwell would do. He justifiably calls the "war on terrorism"
a cruel hoax. "Realities," he says, "have been
turned upside down."
-- "Acts of war are heralded as 'humanitarian
interventions' (to restore) democracy.
-- Military occupation and (killing civilians
are called) 'peacekeeping operations.'
-- The derogation of civilities (through
totalitarian 'anti-terror' legislation) is called providing 'domestic
security' and upholding civil liberties.
-- ....expenditures on health and education
(and most other essential social services) are curtailed to finance
the military-industrial complex and police state."
-- Mass human poverty is created worldwide
through conquest, colonization and countries "transformed
into open territories" for savage exploitation.
-- "US protectorates are installed
with the blessing of the 'international community.'
-- 'Interim (or illusory democratically
elected) governments are formed" run by designated political
puppets selling out their nations' sovereignty to the lord and
master of the universe for a sliver of the spoils.
Sum it up - this is what "New World
Order" rule looks like those now under it can explain better
than any writer. It's tyranny masquerading as humanitarian intervention,
liberation and democracy. Here's how Orwell once described it:
"If you want a vision of the future, imagine a boot stamping
on a human face - forever." Today, it's sustained by the
illusion of a phony "war on terrorism" publicly supported
through fear of nonexistent enemies, ignoring instead a real one
that does - our own government destroying our freedoms in the
name of protecting them.
Chossudovsky stresses what's vitally needed
now to fight back in our own self-defense - "an unprecedented
degree of solidarity (to build) meaningful mass movements"
for real change (restoring) the balance of power within society...."
He explains "militarization....enforces the capitalist market
system....Military bases must be shut down; the war machine....must
be dismantled....The 'structures of ownership' must be transformed
disempowering banks, financial institutions and transnational
corporations (plus instituting) a radical overhaul of the state
apparatus." A key priority is "stall(ing) the privatization
of collective assets, infrastructure, public utilities (including
water and power), state institutions (like hospitals, schools
and law enforcement including prisons), communal lands" and
all else in the commons.
Further, an illegitimate tyrannical system
must end by removing and prosecuting criminal politicians and
bureaucrats. The corrupted judiciary must be replaced by one upholding
domestic and international law. Our system of checks and balances
must be restored, and the Constitution again respected and obeyed,
not discarded to the rule of law by what the chief executive says
it is, meaning none at all. The "New World Order" must
end, consigned to the dustbin of history, lest we end up there
or wish we did rather than endure endless misery and abuse.
Part III - The Disinformation Campaign
It's an age-old trick that always works.
It's why it's used so often even after being exposed as phony
time and again but quickly forgotten in what Gore Vidal calls
"the United States of amnesia." It's creating a climate
of fear through fictional enemies made to seem real by the pursuasive
power of the dominant media. Wars and propaganda are partnered
at a time truth is the first casualty. Chossudovsky explains "the
main objective of war propaganda (to convince the public war is
justified) is to fabricate an enemy (by) drown(ing) out truth."
The war is waged "from the Pentagon,
the State Department, the CIA" and other parts of the government
using the dominant media to instill fear through disinformation
and lies justifying anything in self-defense. Logic and reality
are manipulated and twisted to create a phony enemy made to look
real. An illusion is created that homeland security is threatened
and under attack justifying wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that
are pure acts of illegal aggression for conquest and colonization.
Preventive wars are justified even though common sense and any
knowledge of international law says they never are for any reason.
Chossudovsky explains how propaganda campaigns
follow "a consistent pattern." They need "to instill
credibility and legitimacy" based on claimed "reliable"
information sources. The dominant media then transmit them through
endless repetitions of warnings of the following kinds of information:
-- References to "reliable sources
(and a) growing body of evidence" from government, intelligence
and law enforcement agencies.
-- Claimed evidence linking terrorist
groups to bin Laden, Al Queda or sympathetic to them.
-- Threats of imminent terrorist attacks
"sooner or later."
-- Vulnerability of "soft targets"
likely causing civilian casualties.
-- Possible terror attacks in "allied
countries" like Britain, France or Germany where public opinion
opposes the US "war on terrorism."
-- "Confirm the need...preventive
actions" are justified against "terrorist organizations
and/or foreign governments which harbor" them.
-- Claim "terrorist groups"
likely have WMDs and are linked to "rogue states" like
Iran or Syria.
-- Cite warnings with frightening color-coded
alerts based on uncovered information (later proved phony) of
impending "attacks on US soil (and/or) in Western cities."
-- Cite law enforcement efforts "to
apprehend alleged terrorists."
-- Feature headlined news stories of suspects
arrested, nearly always Muslims/Arabs, that usually turn out to
be fabricated hoaxes using innocent victims to hype fear.
-- Stressing Homeland Security repressive
legislation (like Patriot Acts I and II and the Military Commissions
Act) is justified as well as "ethnic profiling" and
mass sweeps and arrests.
All this is done to convince the public
harsh "emergency measures" and preventive wars are in
the public interest even though that turns reality on its head
endangering everyone. It works, however, by giving the enemy a
face with Osama bin Laden in the lead role. He's still got it,
but so did Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi up to the time of his reported
death in June, 2006. Al-Zarqawi was called "the new terrorist
mastermind" even overshadowing "Enemy Number One"
bin Laden. Unmentioned in the media was that Al-Zarqawi, like
bin Laden, was recruited by CIA, through Pakistan's ISI, to fight
the Soviets in Afghanistan in the 1980s and that US intelligence
maintained links to the "Islamic militant network" ever
While Al-Zarqawi was reigning top threat,
he was linked to Ansar Al-Islam, an "obscure Islamist group,
based in Northern Iraq." He was also called Al Qaeda's "chief
biochemical engineer" and was blamed for "the suspicious
white powder found in a letter sent to (former) Senate Majority
Leader Bill Frist," also containing deadly ricin poison.
In January, 2003, a ricin terror alert was issued signaling Al-Zarqawi
responsible, later proved phony by British police. As already
stressed, the US needs a face on terror to justify illegal wars
purportedly against it. While he was alive, Al-Zarqawi provided
it along with bin Laden before and since. If neither of these
men existed, others would be invented for their leading roles
as "Enemy Number One" with still more designees in supporting
roles. Without them, there's no justification for the "war
on terrorism," and without media disinformation they'd be
no way to get the public to go along.
Part IV - The New World Order
This "new world" flaunts the
law, wages illegal wars on the world against nonexistent threats,
and condemns its own people to state repression in the name of
protecting national security it's endangering by its actions everywhere.
One of its most outrageous acts is condoning and practicing torture
as official state policy. Chossudovsky explains what's now widely
known and accepted - that orders to torture Iraqi, Afghan and
Guantanamo prisoners came from the highest government levels.
Thus, prison guards and military and CIA interrogators followed
"precise guidelines" from command directives. A secret
FBI email, dated May 22, 2004, confirmed George Bush "personally
signed off on certain interrogation techniques in an executive
order (authorizing) sleep deprivation, stress positions, use of
military dogs, sensory deprivation" using hoods, and who
knows what else so far not made public.
What is known is that CIA and the Pentagon
have considerable knowledge how damaging these acts are to human
beings forced to endure them for extended periods. The current
Army field manual states this about sensory deprivation alone:
(It) "may result in extreme anxiety, hallucinations, bizarre
thoughts, depression, and anti-social behavior (and) significant
psychological distress." Now try imagining how worse it is
on victims undergoing physical abuse and intimidation daily combined
with the damaging effects of sensory deprivation, never knowing
when or if it will end. George Bush, his Justice Department, Donald
Rumsfeld, Robert Gates and others at the highest levels of the
Pentagon and CIA ordered these tortures. It's not because they
work, but because they effectively destroy human beings, control
those who survive it, and intimidate everyone thinking they may
be next. It doesn't matter to officials in charge that most of
their victims are innocent of any crime.
Unreported is who these prisoners are
being tortured. Seton Hall University Law School professors, including
Mark Denebeaux, analyzed unclassified government data obtained
through Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests. Their report
was based on evidentiary summaries from 2004 military hearings
on whether 517 Guantanamo "detainees" were "enemy
combatants." They learned the majority of Afghan prisoners
at Guantanamo weren't accused of hostile acts, but more shockingly,
that 95% were seized by Afghan bounty hunters and sold to US forces
for $5000 per claimed Taliban and $25,000 for supposed Al Queda
members. In addition, at least 20 detainees were children, some
as young as 13.
Chossudovsky calls such actions: "reminiscent
of the Spanish Inquisition" in brazenness "when there
was no need to conceal acts of torture." According to administration
twisted logic and indifference to international law and norms,
"torture is public policy with a humanitarian mandate (because)
democracy and freedom are....upheld by 'going after terrorists.'
" The 400 year ruling feudal order Inquisition aimed to "maintain
and sustain those in authority," and that end justified any
means doing it. Today, the Pentagon, Homeland Security and CIA
are similar to yesteryear's "great Inquisitor" dispensing
justice through a network of religious courts for political and
social control. It's mandate was: destroy the heretics, and those
charged were guilty by accusation given only a choice to repent
and be strangled to death or stay silent and be burned alive.
It's hard calling those times "the
good old days," but it's no better today, just more sophisticated.
Through years of experimenting, we've become expert inflicing
maximum pain making victims endure it the longest time possible
before expiring or going insane. Chossudovsky cites this as one
example on our "road towards a police state" we're well
advanced toward already, or maybe now there. We have outrageous
laws in place, Nazis and Stalin would have been proud of, but
now can do what Orwell imagined 58 years ago in his 1984 "Big
Brother" society controlling everyone. Technology allows
near-unlimited surveillance and abusive spying to watch, categorize,
tag, and label us through information from our most personal records
and behavior. Only the recesses of our hearts, minds and souls
remain unpenetrated - so far.
Nothing will change at this "critical
juncture in our history" unless we "break the Inquisition."
Doing it means "breaking the consensus (and) disabl(ing)
its propaganda" campaign of fear and intimidation. That entails
"unseat(ing) the Inquisitors" and prosecuting those
in high office guilty of crimes of war and against humanity. Without
this, they'll be no justice or an end to "New World Order"
tyranny safe in the hands of a carefully chosen new "Grand
Inquisitor" elected in 2008 picking up where the old one
leaves off. He (or she) will follow ruling order policy assuring
Congress and the courts are as much in lockstep as today with
"the military-intelligence establishment calling the shots
on US foreign policy." Benefitting hugely at our expense
will be predatory corporate giants licking their chops for more
gains ahead from continuing "militarization of (our) civilian
institutions" fast disappearing under military/police state
Chossudovsky raises the issue of administration
foreknowledge of 9/11. He notes the Pentagon conducted a test
simulation of a passenger plane crashing into the Pentagon in
October, 2000. Ironically, the CIA held a similar (quickly hushed
up for a year) test at its Chantilly, Virginia Reconnaissance
Office on the morning of 9/11. Both tests refute administration
lies they could not predict events they were preparing for.
In addition, Washington had numerous "intelligence
warnings" and that senior administration officials lied under
oath to the 9/11 Commission they had no foreknowledge or forewarning.
They had plenty. "Carefully documented research" also
-- The US Air Force got stand-down orders
on 9/11 not to intervene.
-- A cover-up of World Trade Center (WTC)
and Pentagon investigations occurred.
-- WTC rubble was hastily removed and
disposed of before it could be examined.
-- Plane debris at the Pentagon was unaccounted
-- Huge financial gains were made through
insider trading in the days prior to 9/11.
-- WTC Building 7 either mysteriously
collapsed or was "pulled" the afternoon of 9/11.
-- Critics accuse the White House of "criminal
negligence" for disregarding crucial intelligence that might
have prevented the 9/11 attack. These critics contend "they
knew (in advance) but failed to act" preventively.
Chussodovsky rebukes this line of reasoning
saying revealing Bush administration lies regarding foreknowledge
contributes to reinforcing the 9/11 cover-up. Foreknowledge then
"becomes part of the disinformation campaign (serving) to
present Al Queda as a threat (to American security), when, in
fact, Al Queda is a creation of the US intelligence apparatus"
and is still being used by it. Pinning responsibility on Islamic
terrorists justifies the "war on terrorism" and against
Iraq and Afghanistan. It also provides cover for repressive police
state legislation shredding our civil liberties and dismantling
our social state to pay for militarizing it.
While debate centers around "incompetence"
or "an intelligence failure," Al Queda and "Enemy
Number One" are blamed," and the beat goes on allowing
the administration to get away with (mass) murder literally. Explained
above, this is Washington's strategy. Without Al Queda to blame
and a gullible public believing it, the Bush house of cards collapses,
there's "no war on terrorism" nor all it spawned at
home and abroad.
The 9/11 (whitewash) Commission was part
of the scheme. It revealed Bush administration officials lied
under oath, then did nothing about it. "Yet nobody had begged
the key question," Chossudovsky asserts: "What is the
significance of these 'warnings' emanating from the intelligence
apparatus, knowing that the CIA is the creator of Al Queda and
that Al Queda is an 'intelligence asset' (as distinct from an
agent)." Were Bush administration officials deliberately
lying to the 9/11 Commission to cover up a bigger lie no one's
been held accountable for?
Chossudovsky debunks another 9/11 lie
asking "On the Morning of 9/11: What Happened on the Planes?"
Events in their cabins were based on supposedly "corroborating
evidence" from cell and air phone conversations to family
members or others. Only one cockpit voice recorder (CVR) was recovered
- from UAL 93. The 9/11 Commission gave the impression cell phone
communications to and from the planes were of good quality. It
was never mentioned prevailing technology made it near impossible
to place a wireless cell call from an aircraft travelling at high
speed above 8000 feet. Installed air phones, in contrast, provide
The Commission's timeline suggests the
planes were at higher altitudes so claimed cell phone conversations
reported were dubious at best and likely contrived, exaggerated
or plain lies. Reports of these calls on the day of the attack
were crucial "to sustain the illusion" America was under
attack. It was "part of the disinformation campaign....dispel(ling)
the historical role played by US intelligence in supporting the
development of the (Al Queda) terror network."
Heightening the level of fear and conditioning
the public for what may lie ahead, we're now warned about a "Second
9/11." Former CentCom Commander General Tommy Franks did
it in an interview in December, 2003 saying "another mass,
casualty-producing event" would result in the Constitution
being suspended and martial law declared - in other words, the
end of the Republic officially replaced by tyranny. Chossudovsky
stresses Franks' comment wasn't opinion. It was "consistent
with the dominant viewpoint....in the Pentagon....and Homeland
Security....in case of a national emergency." Further, the
"war on terrorism" is the cornerstone of Bush's National
Security doctrine providing "justification for repealing
the Rule of Law" in the event of a significant external threat
Should this happen, it will amount to
the "Criminalization of the State, the repeal of democracy,"
and the end of America as we know it - officially. From all available
evidence, it appears this is planned using a fabricated terrorist
threat and second 9/11 to pull it off with public consent believing
it's for our own security, henceforth compromised and lost.
Chossudovsky discusses the major Pentagon
2005 document outlining what's planned ahead for global military
dominance along with police state control at home. It's called
"The National Defense Strategy of the United States of America
(NDS). It extends the "contours of Washington's global military
agenda (envisaging possible) military intervention against countries
(not constituting) a threat to the US homeland." This goes
beyond preventive war to a more "proactive" strategy
against declared enemies to "preserve peace (and) defend
America." This is insanity, yet four major threats are considered:
-- "Traditional challenges"
from recognized military powers.
-- "Irregular threats" from
forces using "unconventional" means.
-- "The catastrophic challenge"
-- "Disruptive challenges" from
"potential adversaries" using new technologies against
NDS listed 25 countries "deemed unstable
and, thus, candidates for (military) intervention." Those
named remain secret, but some have been identified including Venezuela,
Nepal, Haiti, Algeria, Peru, Bolivia, Sudan, Nigeria, Sierra Leone,
Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire. It's hard imagining Iran, Syria and
Lebanon aren't targets as well with others qualified for membership
by failing to place our sovereignty above their own. Helping them
"stabilize" is used as the pretext for any planned military
intervention. That means any nation opting out of our "free
market" model can expect the Marines to show up to return
them to the fold. It's called democracy American-style.
At home, as already explained, creating
fear is the method of choice keeping the public on board supporting
the phony "war on terrorism." That's what color-coded
terror alerts are all about. They're seen daily on TV, and raised
to "high risk" Code Orange at strategic moments when
elevated fear levels are needed to get legislation passed, divert
attention from administration embarrassments, diffuse anti-war
protests, or simply re-stoke public angst about terror threats
so people don't forget them. Never mind, as Chossudovsky documents,
these threats, headlining for days at times, are nearly always
based on "fabricated intelligence."
So in the run-up to the March, 2003 Iraq
war, a disinformation campaign was waged about WMDs and linking
Saddam with Al Queda and 9/11. It was to build public support
for the war and weaken anti-war protests against it that were
unprecendented in size worldwide before it began. Once the truth
on both counts came out, it was too late, and it was on to the
next scare scam.
Chossudovsky cites the Air France Christmas,
2003 stand down orders based on phony evidence Al Queda and Taliban
operatives were on Flight 68. It was a lie, but it kept Los Angeles
International Airport on "maximum deployment" throughout
the holiday period and FBI officials working around the clock
- for nothing because of "fake intelligence" to heighten
fear. The nation was on "high risk" Code Orange alert,
six heavy-traffic Air France flights paid the price, and so did
the public getting scammed.
Whenever a strategic moment arises or
Washington thinks public fear is ebbing, get ready for more headlined
news of terror plots and arrests made or suspects being hunted
down. It happened in early June with hyped stories of a plot to
blow up JFK Airport's jet fuel tanks and supply lines some reports
claimed would be "more devastating than 9/11." This
nonsense keeps being used because people believe it.
This time, four men were charged even
though no crime was committed, the suspects had no apparent means
to carry out the supposed plot, and the only so-called "evidence"
comes from conversations recorded between "the source"
(identified as an unnamed drug trafficker) and defendants. We're
told the informant agreed to infiltrate the "terror cell"
in return for leniency on his pending sentence, guaranteeing he'd
say anything to get himself off.
This plot gets thicker, but the point
is once again hyped accounts have again been used to stoke public
fear. And once again, Muslims are vicimized as "terrorists."
Sadly, even though likely innocent, these men may end up convicted
and imprisoned just like other high-profile targets Sami Al-Arian
and Rafil Dhafir. They're both innocent men now serving hard time
victimized by Washington's "war on terrorism."
Chossudovsky explains we live in a "Big
Brother, Homeland Security State." A July, 2004 Homeland
Security Council (HSC) report refers to a "Universal Adversary"
(UA) defined as four categories of "conspirators:"
-- "foreign (Islamic) terrorists;"
-- "domestic (anti-war, civil and
human rights) groups;"
-- "state-sponsored adversaries"
("Rogue States, unstable or failed states"); and
-- "disgruntled employees" (labor
and union activists).
Chossudovsky explains the notion of a
"Universal Adversary" is being used to prepare the public
for a "real life emergency situation" under which no
political or social dissent will be tolerated. If it happens,
it will trigger a Code Red Alert signaling the highest threat
level of severe or imminent terrorist attack preparing the public
for imposition of martial law and suspension of the Constitution.
Shortly after the invasion of Iraq, anti-terrorist "drills"
were held in major cities to build "a broad consensus among
'top officials,' within federal, State and municipal bodies, as
well as within the business community and civil society organizations
that the outside enemy exists and that 'the threat is real.' "
Chossudovsky calls it "a world of fiction (that) becomes
In the event of an emergency, the military
will be involved that was forbidden under the 1878 Posse Comitatus
Act, never enforced, and now repealed since October 17, 2006.
That was when George Bush signed the Military Commissions (torture
authorization) Act and National Defense Authorization Act for
FY 2007 containing a provision annulling the 1807 Insurrection
Act. Now the president can (legally) deploy federal or National
Guard troops on the nation's streets for whatever he calls public
disorder, including peaceful anti-war protests. These laws, along
with Patriot Acts I and II (violating our most personal privacy
rights) have set the table for martial law imposition whenever
the chief executive orders it.
Chossudovsky explains media disinformation
is preparing the public "for the unthinkable" likely
to be police state rule under the facade of a "functioning
democracy." Its parameters have already been defined:
-- "the Big Brother surveillance
apparatus, through....consolidated data banks on citizens;
-- the militarization of justice and law
-- the disinformation and propaganda network;
-- the covert support to terrorist organizations;
-- political assassinations, torture manuals,
and (homeland) concentration camps (being built); and
-- extensive war crimes and the blatant
violation of international law."
Chossudovsky wrote an important book in
2002 titled "War and Globalization." This volume, "America's
War on Terrorism," updated it with voluminous, heavily documented
new information on the state of America today under both parties
and the threat that poses for the Republic, hanging by a thread.
Though published in 2005, it's as fresh now as when it first appeared,
and his conclusion is essentially the same as what Chalmers Johnson
wrote in his 2006 book, "Nemesis - The Last Days of the American
Republic." Johnson explained our well-entrenched militarism
and single-minded pursuit of empire saying we have a choice. We
can keep on this path and lose our democracy, but history is clear:
we can't have both.
Chossudovsky and Johnson both agree -
the signs are ominous, and conclusive evidence post-9/11 proves
it, amply spelled out in "America's War on Terrorism."
That doesn't mean we're doomed or change can't come. It can, but
never from the top down. The lessons of history are clear. Mass-action
grassroots efforts can achieve what governments won't do willingly.
Scare tactics to bring us in line won't work if we don't let them.
But it will take millions mobilized to resist to do it. Is saving
the Republic incentive enough to try? We better hope so.
Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago and can
be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Also visit his blog site at sjlendman.blogspot.com
and listen to The Steve Lendman News and Information Hour on www.TheMicroEffect.com
Saturdays at noon US central time.