excerpts from the book
War and Globalization
The Truth Behind September
by Michel Chossudovsky
Global Outlook, 2002, paper
Under the Bush administration, the military and intelligence apparatus
has clearly taken over the reins of foreign policy in close consultation
with Wall Street. With key decisions taken behind closed doors
at the CIA and the Pentagon, "civilian political institutions"
including the U.S. Congress increasingly become a facade. While
the illusion of a "functioning democracy" prevails in
the eyes of public opinion, the U.S. President has become a mere
public relations figurehead, with vaisibly little understanding
of key foreign policy issues.
In the U.S., the "PATRIOT Act" criminalizes peaceful
anti-globalisation protests. Demonstrating against the IMF or
the WTO, for instance, is considered "a crime of domestic
terror". Under the Act, "domestic terrorism" includes
any activity which could lead to "influencing the policy
of a government by intimidation or coercion".
The [Patriot] Act [also] creates a number of new crimes. One of
the most threatening to dissent and those who oppose government
policies is the crime of "domestic terrorism". It is
loosely defined as acts that are dangerous to human life, violate
criminal law and "appear to be intended to intimidate or
coerce a civilian population" or "influence the policy
of a government by intimidation or coercion". Under this
definition, a protest demonstration that blocked a street and
prevented an ambulance from getting by could be deemed domestic
terrorism. Likewise, the demonstrations in Seattle against the
WTO could fit within | the definition.
Five days before the terrorist assaults on the World Trade Centre
and the Pentagon (September 6, 2001), President Bush stated almost
I have repeatedly said the only time to
use Social Security money is in times of war, times of recession,
or times of severe emergency. And I mean that.
The CIA's role in support of the Mujahideen is confirmed in a
1998 interview with Zbigniew Brzezinski, who at the time was National
Security Adviser to President Jimmy Carter:
Brzezinski: According to the official
version of history, CIA aid to the Mujahideen began during 1980,
that is to say, after the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan, [on]
24 December 1979. But the reality, secretly guarded until now,
is completely otherwise. Indeed, it was July 3, 1979, that President
Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents
of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. And that very day, I wrote
a note to the President in which I explained to him that in my
opinion, this aid was going to induce a Soviet military intervention.
Question: Despite this risk, you were
an advocate of this covert action. But perhaps you yourself desired
this Soviet entry into war and looked to provoke it?
Brzezinski: It isn't quite that. We didn't
push the Russians to intervene, but we knowingly increased the
probability that they would.
Question: When the Soviets justified their
intervention by asserting that they intended to fight against
a secret involvement of the United States in Afghanistan, people
didn't believe them. However, there was a basis of truth. You
don't regret anything today?
Brzezinski: Regret what? That secret operation
was an excellent idea. It had the effect of drawing the Russians
into the Afghan trap and you want me to regret it? The day that
the Soviets officially crossed the border, I wrote to President
Carter. We now have the opportunity of giving to the USSR its
Vietnam War. Indeed, for almost 10 years, Moscow had to carry
on a war unsupportable by the government, a conflict that brought
about the demoralization and finally the breakup of the Soviet
Question: And neither do you regret having
supported the Islamic fundamentalism, having given arms and advice
to future terrorists?
Brzezinski: What is most important to
the history of the world? The Taliban or the collapse of the Soviet
empire? Some stirred-up Moslems or the liberation of Central Europe
and the end of the Cold War?
U.S. Post-Taliban Puppet Regime Restores Narcotics Trade
Following the year 2000 ban on poppy production
imposed by the Taliban government, opium production collapsed
by more than 90 per cent. The Northern Alliance became the main
political force involved in protecting the production and marketing
of raw opium. As a result, America's 2001 war has contributed
to restoring the opium trade, under a U.S.-sponsored Northern
Alliance puppet government in Kabul.
Under the interim government of President
Hamid Karzai, opium poppy cultivation has skyrocketed. Opium markets
have been restored. In the immediate wake of September 11, the
price of opium in Afghanistan increased three-fold. By early 2002,
the price (in dollars/kg) was almost 10 times higher than in the
year 2000. According to the United Nations Drug Control Program
(UNDCP), opium cultivation increased by 657 per cent in 2002 (in
relation to its 2001 level). The UNDCP estimates 2002 opium poppy
cultivation as covering an area of between 45,000 and 65,000 hectares.
In 2001, opium cultivation had fallen to an estimated 7,606 hectares.
The entire U.S. Congress-with only one honest and courageous dissenting
voice in the House of Representatives -has endorsed the Administration's
decision to go to war. Members of the House and the Senate have
access through the various committees to official confidential
reports and intelligence documents which prove beyond a shadow
of a doubt that agencies of the U.S. government have strong ties
to international terrorism. They cannot say "we did not know".
In fact, most of this evidence is in the public domain.
Under the historical resolution of the
U. S. Congress adopted by both the House and the Senate on the
14th of September:
The President is authorized to use all
necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations
or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed or aided
the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or
harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any
future acts of international terrorism against the United States
by such nations, organizations or persons.
Conquest of Oil Reserves and Pipeline Routes
"America's New War" consists
of extending the global market system while opening up new "economic
frontiers" for U.S. corporate capital. More specifically,
the U.S.-led military invasion -in close liaison with Britain-responds
to the interests of the Anglo-American oil giants, in alliance
with America's "Big Five" weapons producers: Lockheed
Martin, Raytheon, Northrop Grumman, Boeing and General Dynamics.
The "Anglo-American axis" in
defence and foreign policy is the driving force behind the military
operations in Central Asia and the Middle East. This rapprochement
between London and Washington is consistent with the integration
of British and American business interests in the areas of banking,
oil and the defence industry. The merger of British Petroleum
(BP) and the American Oil Company (AMOCO) into the world's largest
oil conglomerate has a direct bearing on the pattern of Anglo-American
relations and the close relationship between the American President
and the British Prime Minister. In the wake of the 1999 war in
Yugoslavia, Britain's giant weapons producer, British Aerospace
Systems (BAES), was fully integrated into the U.S. system of defence
America's War Economy
The military buildup initiated during
the Clinton administration has gained a new momentum. September
11 and Bush's "war on terrorism" are used as an excuse
for expanding America's military machine and fuelling the growth
of the military-industrial complex. A new "legitimacy"
has unfolded. Increased military spending is said to be required
"to uphold freedom" and defeat "the axis of evil":
It costs a lot to fight this war. We have
spent more than a billion dollars a month-over $30 million a day-
and we must be prepared for future operations. Afghanistan proved
that expensive precision weapons defeat the enemy and spare innocent
lives, and we need more of them. We need to replace aging aircraft
and make our military more agile, to put our troops anywhere in
the world quickly and safely.... My budget includes the largest
increase in defence spending in two decades- because while the
price of freedom and security is high, it is never too high. Whatever
it costs to defend our country, we will pay.
Since September 11, billions of dollars
have been channelled towards developing new advanced weapons systems,
including the F22 Raptor fighter plane and the Joint Fighter (JF)
The Strategic Defence Initiative ("StarWars")
not only includes the controversial "Missile Shield",
but also a wide range of "offensive" laser-guided weapons
with striking capabilities anywhere in the world, not to mention
instruments of weather and climatic warfare under the High Altitude
Auroral Research Program (HAARP). The latter has the ability of
destabilizing entire national economies through climatic manipulations,
without the knowledge of the enemy, at minimal cost and without
engaging military personnel and equipment as in a conventional
Long-term planning pertaining to advanced
weapons systems and the control of outer space is outlined in
a U.S. Space Command document released in 1998, entitled "Vision
for 2020". The underlying objective consists o£
... dominating the space dimension of
military operations to protect U.S. interests and investment....
The emerging synergy of space superiority with land, sea and air
superiority will lead to Full Spectrum Dominance.
David Rockefeller - Statement to the United Nations Business Council,
We are on the verge of global transformation.
All we need is the right major crisis and the nations will accept
the New World Order.
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